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Unless otherwise stated all data on this page refer to the human proteins. Gene information is provided for human (Hs), mouse (Mm) and rat (Rn).
The cell-surface Na+/K+-ATPase is an integral membrane protein which regulates the membrane potential of the cell by maintaining gradients of Na+ and K+ ions across the plasma membrane, also making a small, direct contribution to membrane potential, particularly in cardiac cells. For every molecule of ATP hydrolysed, the Na+/K+-ATPase extrudes three Na+ ions and imports two K+ ions. The active transporter is a heteromultimer with incompletely defined stoichiometry, possibly as tetramers of heterodimers, each consisting of one of four large, ten TM domain catalytic α subunits and one of three smaller, single TM domain glycoprotein β-subunits (see table). Additional protein partners known as FXYD proteins (e.g. FXYD2, P54710) appear to associate with and regulate the activity of the pump.
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5. Sweadner KJ. (1989) Isozymes of the Na+/K+-ATPase. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 988 (2): 185-220. [PMID:2541792]
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Database page citation:
Na+/K+-ATPases. Accessed on 18/12/2014. IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY, http://www.guidetopharmacology.org/GRAC/FamilyDisplayForward?familyId=158.
Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY citation:
Alexander SPH, Benson HE, Faccenda E, Pawson AJ, Sharman JL, Spedding M, Peters JA and Harmar AJ, CGTP Collaborators. (2013) The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2013/14: Transporters. Br J Pharmacol. 170: 1706–1796.