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Unless otherwise stated all data on this page refer to the human proteins. Gene information is provided for human (Hs), mouse (Mm) and rat (Rn).
The carboxylases allow the production of new carbon-carbon bonds by introducing HCO3- or CO2 into target molecules. Two groups of carboxylase activities, some of which are bidirectional, can be defined on the basis of the cofactor requirement, making use of biotin (EC 6.4.1.-) or vitamin K hydroquinone (EC 4.1.1.-).
1. Griffith DA, Dow RL, Huard K, Edmonds DJ, Bagley SW, Polivkova J, Zeng D, Garcia-Irizarry CN, Southers JA, Esler W et al.. (2013) Spirolactam-based acetyl-CoA carboxylase inhibitors: toward improved metabolic stability of a chromanone lead structure. J. Med. Chem., 56 (17): 7110-9. [PMID:23981033]
2. Zhou W, Simpson PJ, McFadden JM, Townsend CA, Medghalchi SM, Vadlamudi A, Pinn ML, Ronnett GV, Kuhajda FP. (2003) Fatty acid synthase inhibition triggers apoptosis during S phase in human cancer cells. Cancer Res., 63 (21): 7330-7. [PMID:14612531]
Database page citation:
Carboxylases. Accessed on 29/03/2017. IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY, http://www.guidetopharmacology.org/GRAC/FamilyDisplayForward?familyId=255.
Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY citation:
Alexander SPH, Fabbro D, Kelly E, Marrion N, Peters JA, Benson HE, Faccenda E, Pawson AJ, Sharman JL, Southan C, Davies JA and CGTP Collaborators (2015) The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2015/16: Enzymes. Br J Pharmacol. 172: 6024-6109.