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artesunate is an approved drug (FDA (2020), EMA (2021))
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: Artesunate is a semisynthetic derivative of artemisinin, a natural product isolated from the qinghao or sweet wormwood plant (Artemisia annua). It contains an unusual endoperoxide bridge, believed to be responsible for the antimalarial activity of artemisinin and its derivatives.
Artesunate is a prodrug that is converted to the active metabolite artenimol (dihydroartemisinin).
The Malaria tab on this ligand page provides additional curator comments of relevance to the Guide to MALARIA PHARMACOLOGY.
Ligand Activity Visualisation Charts
These are box plot that provide a unique visualisation, summarising all the activity data for a ligand taken from ChEMBL and GtoPdb across multiple targets and species. Click on a plot to see the median, interquartile range, low and high data points. A value of zero indicates that no data are available. A separate chart is created for each target, and where possible the algorithm tries to merge ChEMBL and GtoPdb targets by matching them on name and UniProt accession, for each available species. However, please note that inconsistency in naming of targets may lead to data for the same target being reported across multiple charts.✖
|Compound class||Synthetic organic|
|Ligand families/groups||Antimalarial ligands|
|Approved drug?||Yes (FDA (2020), EMA (2021))|
|WHO Essential Medicine||WHO Essential Medicines List (EML) (22nd List, 2021). Access PDF version.
Click to view more information about the WHO Model Lists of Essential Medicines.
|International Nonproprietary Names|
|CAS Registry No.||88495-63-0 (source: Scifinder)|
|GtoPdb PubChem SID||374883843|
|RCSB PDB Ligand||D95|
|Search Google for chemical match using the InChIKey||FIHJKUPKCHIPAT-AHIGJZGOSA-N|
|Search Google for chemicals with the same backbone||FIHJKUPKCHIPAT|
|Search PubMed clinical trials||artesunate|
|Search PubMed titles||artesunate|
|Search PubMed titles/abstracts||artesunate|
|UniChem Compound Search for chemical match using the InChIKey||FIHJKUPKCHIPAT-AHIGJZGOSA-N|
|UniChem Connectivity Search for chemical match using the InChIKey||FIHJKUPKCHIPAT-AHIGJZGOSA-N|
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Links are provided in return for sponsorship, used to fund improvements to this database. The sponsorship account is managed and audited by the University of Edinburgh, a charitable body registered in Scotland, SC005336. If you are interested in sponsoring the database, please contact us.✖
Cat. No. 6827