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Unless otherwise stated all data on this page refer to the human proteins. Gene information is provided for human (Hs), mouse (Mm) and rat (Rn).
Ephrin receptors are a family of 15 RTKs (the largest family of RTKs) with two identified subfamilies (EphA and EphB), which have a role in the regulation of neuronal development, cell migration, patterning and angiogenesis. Their ligands are membrane-associated proteins, thought to be glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked for EphA (ephrin-A1 (EFNA1, P20827) , ephrin-A2 (EFNA2, O43921), ephrin-A3 (EFNA3, P52797), ephrin-A4 (EFNA4, P52798) and ephrin-A5 (EFNA5, P52803)) and 1TM proteins for Ephrin B (ENSFM00250000002014: ephrin-B1 (EFNB1, P98172), ephrin-B2 (EFNB2, P52799) and ephrin-B3 (EFNB3, Q15768)), although the relationship between ligands and receptors has been incompletely defined.
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2. Incerti M, Tognolini M, Russo S, Pala D, Giorgio C, Hassan-Mohamed I, Noberini R, Pasquale EB, Vicini P, Piersanti S et al.. (2013) Amino acid conjugates of lithocholic acid as antagonists of the EphA2 receptor. J. Med. Chem., 56 (7): 2936-47. [PMID:23489211]
3. Lafleur K, Huang D, Zhou T, Caflisch A, Nevado C. (2009) Structure-based optimization of potent and selective inhibitors of the tyrosine kinase erythropoietin producing human hepatocellular carcinoma receptor B4 (EphB4). J. Med. Chem., 52 (20): 6433-46. [PMID:19788238]
Database page citation:
Type XIII RTKs: Ephrin receptor family. Accessed on 29/03/2017. IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY, http://www.guidetopharmacology.org/GRAC/FamilyDisplayForward?familyId=327.
Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY citation:
Alexander SPH, Fabbro D, Kelly E, Marrion N, Peters JA, Benson HE, Faccenda E, Pawson AJ, Sharman JL, Southan C, Davies JA and CGTP Collaborators (2015) The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2015/16: Catalytic receptors. Br J Pharmacol. 172: 5979-6023.