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|Compound class||Endogenous peptide in human, mouse or rat|
|CSF1 controls survival and differentiation of macrophages via activation of the CSF1 receptor (a receptor tyrosine kinase). The biologically active peptide is a homodimer or a heterodimer.
Pharmacological modulators of the CSF1/CSF1R axis, targeting tumour-associated macrophage (TAM) survival, are being developed for various solid tumour and hematological oncology indications as well as for autoimmune diseases.