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Protein kinase C is the target for the tumour-promoting phorbol esters, such as tetradecanoyl-β-phorbol acetate (TPA, also known as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate).
Classical protein kinase C isoforms: PKCα, PKCβ, PKCγ. Members of the classical protein kinase C family are activated by Ca2+ and diacylglycerol, and may be inhibited by GF109203X, calphostin C, Gö 6983, chelerythrine and Ro31-8220.
Novel protein kinase C isoforms: PKCδ, PKCε, PKCη, PKCθ and PKCμ. Members of the classical protein kinase C family are activated by diacylglycerol and may be inhibited by calphostin C, Gö 6983 and chelerythrine.
Atypical protein kinase C isoforms:PKCι, PKCζ.
Database page citation:
Protein kinase C (PKC). Accessed on 25/05/2016. IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY, http://www.guidetopharmacology.org/GRAC/FamilyDisplayForward?familyId=286.
Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY citation:
Alexander SPH, Fabbro D, Kelly E, Marrion N, Peters JA, Benson HE, Faccenda E, Pawson AJ, Sharman JL, Southan C, Davies JA and CGTP Collaborators (2015) The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2015/16: Enzymes. Br J Pharmacol. 172: 6024-6109.