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Protein kinase C is the target for the tumour-promoting phorbol esters, such as tetradecanoyl-β-phorbol acetate (TPA, also known as PMA).
Classical protein kinase C isoforms: PKCα, PKCβ, PKCγ. Members of the classical protein kinase C family are activated by Ca2+ and diacylglycerol, and may be inhibited by GF109203X, calphostin C, Gö6983, chelerythrine and Ro31-8220.
Novel protein kinase C isoforms: PKCδ, PKCε, PKCη, PKCθ and PKCμ. Members of the classical protein kinase C family are activated by diacylglycerol and may be inhibited by calphostin C, Gö6983 and chelerythrine.
Atypical protein kinase C isoforms:PKCι, PKCζ.
Database page citation:
Protein kinase C (PKC). Accessed on 30/01/2015. IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY, http://www.guidetopharmacology.org/GRAC/FamilyDisplayForward?familyId=286.
Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY citation:
Alexander SPH, Benson HE, Faccenda E, Pawson AJ, Sharman JL, Spedding M, Peters JA and Harmar AJ, CGTP Collaborators. (2013) The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2013/14: Enzymes. Br J Pharmacol. 170: 1797–1867.