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Unless otherwise stated all data on this page refer to the human proteins. Gene information is provided for human (Hs), mouse (Mm) and rat (Rn).
The IRAK family consists of four members, IRAK1, IRAK2, IRAK3 (also known as IRAK-M) and IRAK4. Only IRAK1 and IRAK4 have verified kinase activity . Whilst IRAKs 1, 2 and 4 are ubiquitously expressed, IRAK3 expression is restricted to monocytes and macrophages. IRAKs are key components of the IL-1 receptor and Toll-like receptor signalling pathways of the innate immune response.
1. Arora N, Chen S, Hermann JC, KuglstatterA, Labadie SS, Lin CJJ, Lucas MC, Moore AG, Papp E, Talamas FX et al.. (2012) Pyrazolo [1, 5a] pyrimidine and thieno [3, 2b] pyrimidine derivatives as irak4 modulators. Patent number: WO2012007375. Assignee: F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ag. Priority date: 13/11/2015. Publication date: 19/01/2012.
2. Chaudhary D, Robinson S, Romero DL. (2015) Recent Advances in the Discovery of Small Molecule Inhibitors of Interleukin-1 Receptor-Associated Kinase 4 (IRAK4) as a Therapeutic Target for Inflammation and Oncology Disorders. J. Med. Chem., 58 (1): 96-110. [PMID:25479567]
3. Lye E, Mirtsos C, Suzuki N, Suzuki S, Yeh WC. (2004) The role of interleukin 1 receptor-associated kinase-4 (IRAK-4) kinase activity in IRAK-4-mediated signaling. J. Biol. Chem., 279 (39): 40653-8. [PMID:15292196]
Database page citation:
Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK) family. Accessed on 25/10/2016. IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY, http://www.guidetopharmacology.org/GRAC/FamilyDisplayForward?familyId=579.
Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY citation:
Alexander SPH, Fabbro D, Kelly E, Marrion N, Peters JA, Benson HE, Faccenda E, Pawson AJ, Sharman JL, Southan C, Davies JA and CGTP Collaborators (2015) The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2015/16: Enzymes. Br J Pharmacol. 172: 6024-6109.