SLC16 family of monocarboxylate transporters

Unless otherwise stated all data on this page refer to the human proteins. Gene information is provided for human (Hs), mouse (Mm) and rat (Rn).

Overview

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Members of the SLC16 family may be divided into subfamilies on the basis of substrate selectivities, particularly lactate (e.g. L-lactic acid), pyruvic acid and ketone bodies, as well as aromatic amino acids. Topology modelling suggests 12 TM domains, with intracellular termini and an extended loop at TM 6/7.

The proton-coupled monocarboxylate transporters (monocarboxylate transporters 1, 4, 2 and 3) allow transport of the products of cellular metabolism, principally lactate (e.g. L-lactic acid) and pyruvic acid.

Transporters

MCT1 (Monocarboxylate transporter 1 / SLC16A1) Show summary »

MCT2 (Monocarboxylate transporter 2 / SLC16A7) Show summary »

MCT3 (Monocarboxylate transporter 3 / SLC16A8) Show summary »

MCT4 (Monocarboxylate transporter 4 / SLC16A3) Show summary »

MCT5 (Monocarboxylate transporter 5 / SLC16A4) Show summary »

MCT6 (Monocarboxylate transporter 6 / SLC16A5) Show summary »

MCT7 (Monocarboxylate transporter 7 / SLC16A6) Show summary »

MCT8 (Monocarboxylate transporter 8 / SLC16A2) Show summary »

MCT9 (Monocarboxylate transporter 9 / SLC16A9) Show summary »

TAT1 (Monocarboxylate transporter 10 / SLC16A10) Show summary »

MCT11 (Monocarboxylate transporter 11 / SLC16A11) Show summary »

MCT12 (Monocarboxylate transporter 12 / SLC16A12) Show summary »

MCT13 (Monocarboxylate transporter 13 / SLC16A13) Show summary »

MCT14 (Monocarboxylate transporter 14 / SLC16A14) Show summary »

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References

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How to cite this family page

Database page citation:

SLC16 family of monocarboxylate transporters. Accessed on 23/07/2014. IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY, http://www.guidetopharmacology.org/GRAC/FamilyDisplayForward?familyId=188.

Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY citation:

Alexander SPH, Benson HE, Faccenda E, Pawson AJ, Sharman JL, Spedding M, Peters JA and Harmar AJ, CGTP Collaborators. (2013) The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2013/14: Transporters. Br J Pharmacol. 170: 1706–1796.