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Unless otherwise stated all data on this page refer to the human proteins. Gene information is provided for human (Hs), mouse (Mm) and rat (Rn).
Cyclic AMP-mediated signalling involves regulation of cyclic nucleotide-gated ion channels, members of the Rap guanine nucleotide exchange family (Epac, ENSFM00250000000899) and activation of protein kinase A (PKA, also known as cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase). PKA is a heterotetrameric enzyme composed of two regulatory and two catalytic subunits, which can be distinguished from Epac (exchange protein directly activated by cyclic AMP, ) by differential activation by N6 benzyl-cAMP (see Table) and 8-pCPT-2'-O-Me-cAMP, respectively .
1. Christensen AE, Selheim F, de Rooij J, Dremier S, Schwede F, Dao KK, Martinez A, Maenhaut C, Bos JL, Genieser HG et al.. (2003) cAMP analog mapping of Epac1 and cAMP kinase. Discriminating analogs demonstrate that Epac and cAMP kinase act synergistically to promote PC-12 cell neurite extension. J. Biol. Chem., 278 (37): 35394-402. [PMID:12819211]
2. de Rooij J, Zwartkruis FJ, Verheijen MH, Cool RH, Nijman SM, Wittinghofer A, Bos JL. (1998) Epac is a Rap1 guanine-nucleotide-exchange factor directly activated by cyclic AMP. Nature, 396 (6710): 474-7. [PMID:9853756]
3. Kang G, Chepurny OG, Rindler MJ, Collis L, Chepurny Z, Li WH, Harbeck M, Roe MW, Holz GG. (2005) A cAMP and Ca2+ coincidence detector in support of Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release in mouse pancreatic beta cells. J. Physiol. (Lond.), 566 (Pt 1): 173-88. [PMID:15860526]
4. Schiebel K, Winkelmann M, Mertz A, Xu X, Page DC, Weil D, Petit C, Rappold GA. (1997) Abnormal XY interchange between a novel isolated protein kinase gene, PRKY, and its homologue, PRKX, accounts for one third of all (Y+)XX males and (Y-)XY females. Hum. Mol. Genet., 6 (11): 1985-9. [PMID:9302280]
Database page citation:
Protein kinase A. Accessed on 25/11/2015. IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY, http://www.guidetopharmacology.org/GRAC/FamilyDisplayForward?familyId=284.
Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY citation:
Alexander SPH, Benson HE, Faccenda E, Pawson AJ, Sharman JL, Spedding M, Peters JA and Harmar AJ, CGTP Collaborators. (2013) The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2013/14: Enzymes. Br J Pharmacol. 170: 1797–1867.