SLCO family of organic anion transporting polypeptides
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The SLCO superfamily is comprised of the organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATPs). The 11 human OATPs are divided into 6 families and ten subfamilies based on amino acid identity. These proteins are located on the plasma membrane of cells throughout the body. They have 12 TM domains and intracellular termini, with multiple putative glycosylation sites. OATPs mediate the sodium-independent uptake of a wide range of amphiphilic substrates, including many drugs and toxins. Due to the multispecificity of these proteins, this guide lists classes of substrates and inhibitors for each family member. More comprehensive lists of substrates, inhibitors, and their relative affinities may be found in the review articles listed below.
Unless otherwise stated all data refer to the human proteins. Gene information is provided for human (Hs), mouse (Mm) and rat (Rn).
Further Reading Show »
Hagenbuch, B. (2010) Drug uptake systems in liver and kidney: a historic perspective.
Clin. Pharmacol. Ther., 87 (1): 39-47.
Hagenbuch, B; Meier, PJ. (2004) Organic anion transporting polypeptides of the OATP/ SLC21 family: phylogenetic classification as OATP/ SLCO superfamily, new nomenclature and molecular/functional properties.
Pflugers Arch., 447 (5): 653-65.
König, J. (2011) Uptake transporters of the human OATP family: molecular characteristics, substrates, their role in drug-drug interactions, and functional consequences of polymorphisms.
Handb Exp Pharmacol, (201): 1-28.
Niemi, M; Pasanen, MK; Neuvonen, PJ. (2011) Organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1: a genetically polymorphic transporter of major importance for hepatic drug uptake.
Pharmacol. Rev., 63 (1): 157-81.