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Paraoxonase (PON) family C

Unless otherwise stated all data on this page refer to the human proteins. Gene information is provided for human (Hs), mouse (Mm) and rat (Rn).

Overview

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Paraoxonases (PON) are calcium-dependent esterases, which may be involved in lipoprotein turnover and the conversion of lactone statin prodrugs, as well as being targets of organophosphates, such as the insecticide paraoxon.

Enzymes

3054
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PON1 (paraoxonase 1) C Show summary »

PON2 (paraoxonase 2) C Show summary »

PON3 (paraoxonase 3) C Show summary »


Target Id 3054
Nomenclature paraoxonase 3
Common abbreviation PON3
Previous and unofficial names arylesterase 3
Genes PON3 (Hs), Pon3 (Mm), Pon3 (Rn)
Ensembl ID ENSG00000105852 (Hs), ENSMUSG00000029759 (Mm), ENSRNOG00000009096 (Rn)
UniProtKB AC Q15166 (Hs), Q62087 (Mm), Q68FP2 (Rn)
EC number
3.1.1.2
A phenyl acetate + H(2)O <=> a phenol + acetate
3.1.1.81
A N-acyl-L-homoserine lactone + H(2)O <=> a N-acyl-L-homoserine
3.1.8.1
An aryl dialkyl phosphate + H(2)O <=> dialkyl phosphate + an aryl alcohol
Comment PON3 likely forms heterodimers in vivo [1].

Further reading

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References

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How to cite this family page

Database page citation:

Paraoxonase (PON) family. Accessed on 03/07/2022. IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY, http://www.guidetopharmacology.org/GRAC/FamilyDisplayForward?familyId=1018.

Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY citation:

Alexander SP, Fabbro D, Kelly E, Mathie A, Peters JA, Veale EL et al. (2021) THE CONCISE GUIDE TO PHARMACOLOGY 2021/22: Enzymes. Br J Pharmacol. 178 Suppl 1:S313-S411.