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GDNF receptor family C

Unless otherwise stated all data on this page refer to the human proteins. Gene information is provided for human (Hs), mouse (Mm) and rat (Rn).


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GDNF family receptors (provisional nomenclature) are extrinsic tyrosine kinase receptors. Ligand binding to the extracellular domain of the glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked cell-surface receptors (tabulated below) activates a transmembrane tyrosine kinase enzyme, RET (see Receptor Tyrosine Kinases). The endogenous ligands are typically dimeric, linked through disulphide bridges: glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor GDNF (GDNF, P39905) (211 aa); neurturin (NRTN, Q99748) (197 aa); artemin (ARTN, Q5T4W7) (237 aa) and persephin (PSPN, O60542) (PSPN, 156 aa).


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GFRα1 (GDNF family receptor α1) C Show summary »

GFRα2 (GDNF family receptor α2) C Show summary »

GFRα3 (GDNF family receptor α3) C Show summary »

GFRα4 (GDNF family receptor α4) C Show summary »

GDNF family receptor alpha like Show summary »


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Further reading

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How to cite this family page

Database page citation:

GDNF receptor family. Accessed on 20/05/2022. IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY,

Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY citation:

Alexander SPH, Fabbro D, Kelly E, Mathie A, Peters JA, Veale EL, Armstrong JF, Faccenda E, Harding SD, Pawson AJ, Sharman JL, Southan C, Davies JA; CGTP Collaborators. (2019) The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2019/20: Catalytic receptors. Br J Pharmacol. 176 Suppl 1: S247-S296.