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2.3.2.13 Transglutaminases

Unless otherwise stated all data on this page refer to the human proteins. Gene information is provided for human (Hs), mouse (Mm) and rat (Rn).

Overview

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Transglutaminases catalyse an acyl transferase reaction of γ-carboxamide groups of glutamine residues (on the donor peptide) with ε-amino groups of lysine residues (on an acceptor peptide) which creates a crosslink between the two proteins. This enzymatic activity is calcium-dependent, and the bonds that are formed are highly resistant to proteolytic cleavage. Nine human transglutaminase-encoding genes have been identified, but only 8 are known to be enzymatically active.

Enzymes

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transglutaminase 2 Show summary » More detailed page go icon to follow link

How to cite this family page

Database page citation:

2.3.2.13 Transglutaminases. Accessed on 03/08/2021. IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY, http://www.guidetopharmacology.org/GRAC/FamilyDisplayForward?familyId=1003.

Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY citation:

Alexander SPH, Fabbro D, Kelly E, Mathie A, Peters JA, Veale EL, Armstrong JF, Faccenda E, Harding SD, Pawson AJ, Sharman JL, Southan C, Davies JA; CGTP Collaborators. (2019) The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2019/20: Enzymes. Br J Pharmacol. 176 Issue S1: S297-S396.