adenine [Ligand Id: 4788] activity data from GtoPdb and ChEMBL

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ChEMBL ligand: CHEMBL226345 (Adenine, NSC-14666)
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  • heat shock protein 90 alpha family class B member 1/Heat shock protein HSP 90-beta in Human [ChEMBL: CHEMBL4303] [GtoPdb: 2907] [UniProtKB: P08238]
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  • xanthine dehydrogenase/Xanthine dehydrogenase in Human [ChEMBL: CHEMBL1929] [GtoPdb: 2646] [UniProtKB: P47989]
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DB Assay description Assay Type Standard value Standard parameter Original value Original units Original parameter Reference
CYP3A4/Cytochrome P450 3A4 in Human (target type: SINGLE PROTEIN) [ChEMBL: CHEMBL340] [GtoPdb: 1337] [UniProtKB: P08684]
ChEMBL null: A commercially available P450-GLO Assay kit (Promega Corporation, Madison Wis.) is used to screen various compounds for CYP3A4A inhibition activity. CYP3A4A is thought to be one of the primary CYP isoforms responsible for retinoic acid metabolism in the skin. Three benchmark agents, liarozole, climbazole, and ketoconazole, were assessed for CYP3A4 inhibition to confirm that the inhibition activity (the IC50 for CYP3A4 inhibition) measured by the assay corresponds to the activity reported by the published literature. The results show that the substituted azole compounds having the specific structure set forth herein are CYP inhibitors, and thus function as RAMBAs. B 5 pIC50 >10000 nM IC50 US-9138393-B2. Cosmetic compositions containing substituted azole and methods for improving the appearance of aging skin (2015)
ChEMBL In vitro CYP3A4 Inhibition Assay: Cytochrome P450 is a large and diverse group of enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of organic substances. Some members of the CYP family contribute to the elimination of ATRA by catalyzing its 4-hydroxylation in the mammalian liver and skin, including that of humans as well as swine. Applicant evaluated the potential RAMBA activity of several azoles using pig liver microsomes, a rich source of CYP activity, comprising many different CYP 450 isoforms. Therefore, this approach, while a reasonable way to assess CYP inhibitors with broad activities may or may not be the best way to discover RAMBAs with selectivity for the skin, which has a much more narrow complement of CYP expression. As understanding in this area has progressed, a more specific CYP inhibition assay can be used to provide better predictivity of activity in human skin. Nevertheless, this assay may still be used as a general predictor of overall CYP activity. B 5 pIC50 >10000 nM IC50 US-9144538-B2. Cosmetic compositions containing substituted azole and methods for alleviating the signs of photoaged skin (2015)
heat shock protein 90 alpha family class B member 1/Heat shock protein HSP 90-beta in Human (target type: SINGLE PROTEIN) [ChEMBL: CHEMBL4303] [GtoPdb: 2907] [UniProtKB: P08238]
ChEMBL Binding affinity to ATP binding site of full length human Hsp90beta after 30 mins by fluorescence polarization assay B 2.4 pIC50 >4000000 nM IC50 J. Med. Chem. (2009) 52: 4794-4809 [PMID:19610616]
xanthine dehydrogenase/Xanthine dehydrogenase in Human (target type: SINGLE PROTEIN) [ChEMBL: CHEMBL1929] [GtoPdb: 2646] [UniProtKB: P47989]
ChEMBL Inhibition of human xanthine oxidase B 4.96 pIC50 10890 nM IC50 Bioorg. Med. Chem. (2007) 15: 3450-3456 [PMID:17379526]

ChEMBL data shown on this page come from version 27:

Gaulton A, Hersey A, Nowotka M, Bento AP, Chambers J, Mendez D, Mutowo P, Atkinson F, Bellis LJ, CibriƔn-Uhalte E, Davies M, Dedman N, Karlsson A, MagariƱos MP, Overington JP, Papadatos G, Smit I, Leach AR. (2017) 'The ChEMBL database in 2017.' Nucleic Acids Res., 45(D1). DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkw1074. [PMCID:5210557]