empagliflozin   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 4754

Synonyms: BI 10773 | Jardiance®
Approved drug PDB Ligand
empagliflozin is an approved drug (FDA & EMA (2014))
Comment: Empagliflozin is a member of the 'gliflozin' class of drugs which inhibit reabsorption of glucose in the kidney to lower blood sugar.
It is the first glucose-lowering, antidiabetes therapy to be granted approval to reduce the risk of cardiovascular (CV) death in type 2 diabetes patients with CV disease.

SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: Empagliflozin was added to the RECOVERY trial (NCT04381936) in July 2021, to determine if using empagliflozin to correct metabolic dysregulation caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection can protect against organ damage and improve recovery in COVID-19 patients. This was predicated by results of a study exploring dapagliflozin-mediated organ protection, which found that the drug elicited a non-significant reduction in the risk of organ failure or death in COVID-19 patients [4].
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2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
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Hydrogen bond acceptors 6
Hydrogen bond donors 4
Rotatable bonds 6
Topological polar surface area 108.61
Molecular weight 450.14
XLogP 2.51
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
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Canonical SMILES OCC1OC(c2ccc(c(c2)Cc2ccc(cc2)OC2COCC2)Cl)C(C(C1O)O)O
Isomeric SMILES OC[C@H]1O[C@@H](c2ccc(c(c2)Cc2ccc(cc2)O[C@@H]2COCC2)Cl)[C@@H]([C@H]([C@@H]1O)O)O
InChI InChI=1S/C23H27ClO7/c24-18-6-3-14(23-22(28)21(27)20(26)19(11-25)31-23)10-15(18)9-13-1-4-16(5-2-13)30-17-7-8-29-12-17/h1-6,10,17,19-23,25-28H,7-9,11-12H2/t17-,19+,20+,21-,22+,23-/m0/s1
Selectivity at transporters
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Target Sp. Type Action Value Parameter Concentration range (M) Reference
Sodium/glucose cotransporter 2 Primary target of this compound Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 8.5 pIC50 - 3
pIC50 8.5 (IC50 3.2x10-9 M) [3]
Sodium/glucose cotransporter 1 Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 5.1 pIC50 - 3
pIC50 5.1 (IC50 7.943x10-6 M) [3]