bupivacaine   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 2397

Synonyms: DL-Bupivacaine | Exparel® | Marcain® | Posimir® | Sensorcaine® | W-7 | Xaracoll®
Approved drug
bupivacaine is an approved drug (FDA (1972), EMA (2020))
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: The isomer levobupivacaine is also an approved drug but has a longer duration of action and produces less vasodilation.
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2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
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Hydrogen bond acceptors 3
Hydrogen bond donors 1
Rotatable bonds 6
Topological polar surface area 32.34
Molecular weight 288.22
XLogP 3.57
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
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Canonical SMILES CCCCN1CCCCC1C(=O)Nc1c(C)cccc1C
Isomeric SMILES CCCCN1CCCCC1C(=O)Nc1c(C)cccc1C
InChI InChI=1S/C18H28N2O/c1-4-5-12-20-13-7-6-11-16(20)18(21)19-17-14(2)9-8-10-15(17)3/h8-10,16H,4-7,11-13H2,1-3H3,(H,19,21)
No information available.
Summary of Clinical Use Click here for help
Bupivacaine is used as a local anaesthetic. In the EU it is approved for use as a brachial plexus or femoral nerve block, for treatment of post-operative pain or as a field block for the treatment of somatic post-operative pain from small- to medium-sized surgical wounds.
Mechanism Of Action and Pharmacodynamic Effects Click here for help
Bupivacaine binds to the intracellular portion of sodium channels and blocks sodium influx into nerve cells, preventing depolarization and the generation and conduction of nerve impulses.