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Synonyms: Androxal® | Clomid® | clomifene | MER-41 | MRL-41 | Omifin® | RMI-16289
clomiphene is an approved drug (FDA (1967))
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: Clomiphene is an estrogen receptor alpha modulator, it can act an agonist or antagonist depending on the target tissue. The approved drug clomiphene is a racemic mixture of the two geometric isomers, E and Z clomiphene (also known as enclomiphene and zuclomiphene). Zuclomifene is the more active isomer.
Ligand Activity Visualisation Charts
These are box plot that provide a unique visualisation, summarising all the activity data for a ligand taken from ChEMBL and GtoPdb across multiple targets and species. Click on a plot to see the median, interquartile range, low and high data points. A value of zero indicates that no data are available. A separate chart is created for each target, and where possible the algorithm tries to merge ChEMBL and GtoPdb targets by matching them on name and UniProt accession, for each available species. However, please note that inconsistency in naming of targets may lead to data for the same target being reported across multiple charts.✖
|No information available.
|Summary of Clinical Use
|Clomiphene is used to treat female infertility due to diseases such as polycystic ovary syndrome, where ovulation fails due to deficient hormonal stimulation.
|Mechanism Of Action and Pharmacodynamic Effects
|Although te precise mechanism is not well defined (direct activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, or altered estrogen-induced feed-back inhibition), the outcome of treatment with clomiphene is drug-induced release of the gonadotropins FSH and LH, resulting in the development and maturation of an ovarian follicle and subsequent ovulation.