minoxidil   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 4254

Synonyms: Rogaine®
Approved drug PDB Ligand
minoxidil is an approved drug (FDA (1979))
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: The structure shown here is the same as the INN-assigned structure for this compound. The charges represent the movement of electrons towards the oxygen atom. Our representation of the structure is different to that shown on PubChem, where the molecule is shown without the charges.
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2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
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Hydrogen bond acceptors 4
Hydrogen bond donors 2
Rotatable bonds 1
Topological polar surface area 95.11
Molecular weight 209.13
XLogP 2.9
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
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Canonical SMILES Nc1cc(nc([n+]1[O-])N)N1CCCCC1
Isomeric SMILES Nc1cc(nc([n+]1[O-])N)N1CCCCC1
InChI InChI=1S/C9H15N5O/c10-7-6-8(12-9(11)14(7)15)13-4-2-1-3-5-13/h6H,1-5,10H2,(H2,11,12)
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Summary of Clinical Use Click here for help
Used in the treatment of severe hypertension and in the topical treatment of andronic alopecia.
Mechanism Of Action and Pharmacodynamic Effects Click here for help
Activates ERK and Akt and increases the ratio of BCl-2/Bax. This has the effect of promoting the survival of human dermal papillary cells through proliferative and anti-apoptotic means. Also opens ATP-sensitive potassium channels in vascular smooth muscle cells which may improve the viability of hair cells or hair follicles.
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