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Synonyms: (±)-amphetamine | Amphetamine Sulfate® | DL-amphetamine
amphetamine is an approved drug (FDA (no history prior to 1976))
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: Amphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant and an appetite suppressant.
Amphetamine can activate carbonic anhydrases, and is most potent at the CA5A and CA7 isoforms (KA values 810 and 910 nM respectively) .
Ligand Activity Visualisation Charts
These are box plot that provide a unique visualisation, summarising all the activity data for a ligand taken from ChEMBL and GtoPdb across multiple targets and species. Click on a plot to see the median, interquartile range, low and high data points. A value of zero indicates that no data are available. A separate chart is created for each target, and where possible the algorithm tries to merge ChEMBL and GtoPdb targets by matching them on name and UniProt accession, for each available species. However, please note that inconsistency in naming of targets may lead to data for the same target being reported across multiple charts.✖
|No information available.|
|Summary of Clinical Use|
|Amphetamine is used to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADHD)|
|Mechanism Of Action and Pharmacodynamic Effects|
|Amphetamine stimulates the release of norepinephrine (noradrenaline) from central adrenergic receptors. Amphetamine may also act as a direct agonist on central serotonin (5-HT) receptors and this is assumed to account for its calming effect.|