reserpine   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 4823

Synonyms: Serpalan®
Approved drug
reserpine is an approved drug (FDA (1955))
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: Reserpine irreversibly blocks the vesicular monoamine transporter (VMAT; gene symbols SLC18A1 and SLC18A2), to bring about depletion of monoamine neurotransmitters at synapses.
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2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
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Hydrogen bond acceptors 6
Hydrogen bond donors 1
Rotatable bonds 10
Topological polar surface area 117.78
Molecular weight 608.27
XLogP 3.63
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
SMILES / InChI / InChIKey
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Canonical SMILES COc1ccc2c(c1)[nH]c1c2CCN2C1CC1C(C2)CC(C(C1C(=O)OC)OC)OC(=O)c1cc(OC)c(c(c1)OC)OC
Isomeric SMILES COc1ccc2c(c1)[nH]c1c2CCN2[C@@H]1C[C@H]1[C@@H](C2)C[C@H]([C@@H]([C@H]1C(=O)OC)OC)OC(=O)c1cc(OC)c(c(c1)OC)OC
InChI InChI=1S/C33H40N2O9/c1-38-19-7-8-20-21-9-10-35-16-18-13-27(44-32(36)17-11-25(39-2)30(41-4)26(12-17)40-3)31(42-5)28(33(37)43-6)22(18)15-24(35)29(21)34-23(20)14-19/h7-8,11-12,14,18,22,24,27-28,31,34H,9-10,13,15-16H2,1-6H3/t18-,22+,24-,27-,28+,31+/m1/s1
InChI Key QEVHRUUCFGRFIF-MDEJGZGSSA-N
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Summary of Clinical Use Click here for help
An antihypertensive drug also used as an antipsychotic, however its clinical utility is limited due to its adverse effects profile.
Mechanism Of Action and Pharmacodynamic Effects Click here for help
Reserpine inhibits the vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (SLC18A2). This decreases the amount of the monoamine neurotransmitters serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine stored in presynaptic vesicles, and results in increased metabolism of the extra-vesicular neurotransmitters by monoamine oxidase. This leads to an net reduction in catecholamine-driven neuro-activity.
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