artemether   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 9955

Synonyms: β-artemether | beta-artemether
Approved drug PDB Ligand Antimalarial Ligand
artemether is an approved drug (FDA (2009) in combination with lumefantrine)
Comment: Artemether is a semisynthetic derivative of artemisinin, a natural product isolated from the qinghao or sweet wormwood plant (Artemisia annua). Synthesis yields two crystalline anomers, α- and β-artemether, the latter predominates and is marginally more active [2].
Artemether is a prodrug that is converted to the active metabolite artenimol (dihydroartemisinin).

The Malaria tab on this ligand page provides additional curator comments of relevance to the Guide to MALARIA PHARMACOLOGY.
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2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
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Hydrogen bond acceptors 5
Hydrogen bond donors 0
Rotatable bonds 1
Topological polar surface area 46.15
Molecular weight 298.18
XLogP 3.33
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
SMILES / InChI / InChIKey
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Canonical SMILES COC1OC2OC3(C)CCC4C2(C(C1C)CCC4C)OO3
Isomeric SMILES CO[C@H]1O[C@@H]2O[C@@]3(C)CC[C@@H]4[C@]2([C@H]([C@H]1C)CC[C@H]4C)OO3
InChI InChI=1S/C16H26O5/c1-9-5-6-12-10(2)13(17-4)18-14-16(12)11(9)7-8-15(3,19-14)20-21-16/h9-14H,5-8H2,1-4H3/t9-,10-,11+,12+,13+,14-,15-,16-/m1/s1
InChI Key SXYIRMFQILZOAM-HVNFFKDJSA-N
Guide to Malaria Pharmacology Comments
Artemether has potent antimalarial activity against the asexual blood stage of P. falciparum (including chloroquine-resistant strains) and is characterised by an extremely rapid parasitemia clearance.
Artemether is on the World Health Organisation's List of Essential Medicines. Click here to access the pdf version of the WHO's 21st Essential Medicines list (2019).

Potential Target/Mechanism Of Action: As the precise mechanism of action of artemether is not yet known, we do not have a molecular target for this compound.