apratastat   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 6482

Synonyms: compound 5h [PMID: 16426848] | TMI-05 | TMI005
Immunopharmacology Ligand
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: Apratastat (TMI-005) is an orally active dual TACE (ADAM17)/MMP13 inhibitor that was developed for the potential treatment of inflammation [2]. TACE = TNF α-converting enzyme, which is a well validated therapeutic target for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Inhibition of MMP13 (a peptidase that preferentially degrades type II collagen and aggrecan) is relevant since this is predicted to prevent the degradation of cartilage in rheumatoid arthritis [1,4].
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2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
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Hydrogen bond acceptors 5
Hydrogen bond donors 3
Rotatable bonds 6
Topological polar surface area 149.85
Molecular weight 414.09
XLogP 0.93
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
SMILES / InChI / InChIKey
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Canonical SMILES OCC#CCOc1ccc(cc1)S(=O)(=O)N1CCSC(C1C(=O)NO)(C)C
Isomeric SMILES OCC#CCOc1ccc(cc1)S(=O)(=O)N1CCSC([C@@H]1C(=O)NO)(C)C
InChI InChI=1S/C17H22N2O6S2/c1-17(2)15(16(21)18-22)19(9-12-26-17)27(23,24)14-7-5-13(6-8-14)25-11-4-3-10-20/h5-8,15,20,22H,9-12H2,1-2H3,(H,18,21)/t15-/m0/s1
InChI Key MAVDNGWEBZTACC-HNNXBMFYSA-N
References
1. Konttinen YT, Ainola M, Valleala H, Ma J, Ida H, Mandelin J, Kinne RW, Santavirta S, Sorsa T, López-Otín C et al.. (1999)
Analysis of 16 different matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-1 to MMP-20) in the synovial membrane: different profiles in trauma and rheumatoid arthritis.
Ann. Rheum. Dis., 58 (11): 691-7. [PMID:10531073]
2. Levin JI, Chen JM, Laakso LM, Du M, Schmid J, Xu W, Cummons T, Xu J, Jin G, Barone D et al.. (2006)
Acetylenic TACE inhibitors. Part 3: Thiomorpholine sulfonamide hydroxamates.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett., 16 (6): 1605-9. [PMID:16426848]
3. Thabet MM, Huizinga TW. (2006)
Drug evaluation: apratastat, a novel TACE/MMP inhibitor for rheumatoid arthritis.
Curr Opin Investig Drugs, 7 (11): 1014-9. [PMID:17117591]
4. Yoshihara Y, Nakamura H, Obata K, Yamada H, Hayakawa T, Fujikawa K, Okada Y. (2000)
Matrix metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases in synovial fluids from patients with rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis.
Ann. Rheum. Dis., 59 (6): 455-61. [PMID:10834863]