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Leukotriene A4 hydrolase

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Immunopharmacology Ligand target has curated data in GtoImmuPdb

Target id: 1395

Nomenclature: Leukotriene A4 hydrolase

Family: Leukotriene and lipoxin metabolism, M1: Aminopeptidase N, Hydrolases

Gene and Protein Information Click here for help
Species TM AA Chromosomal Location Gene Symbol Gene Name Reference
Human - 611 12q23.1 LTA4H leukotriene A4 hydrolase
Mouse - 611 10 C2 Lta4h leukotriene A4 hydrolase
Rat - 610 7q13 Lta4h leukotriene A4 hydrolase
Database Links Click here for help
Specialist databases
MEROPS M01.004 (Hs)
Other databases
Alphafold
BRENDA
ChEMBL Target
Ensembl Gene
Entrez Gene
Human Protein Atlas
KEGG Enzyme
KEGG Gene
OMIM
Pharos
RefSeq Nucleotide
RefSeq Protein
SynPHARM
UniProtKB
Wikipedia
Selected 3D Structures Click here for help
Image of receptor 3D structure from RCSB PDB
Description:  Crystal structure of human LTA4H mutant E271A in complex with LTA4 (crystal form I).
PDB Id:  5NI2
Ligand:  LTA4
Resolution:  1.5Å
Species:  Human
References:  9
Enzyme Reaction Click here for help
EC Number: 3.3.2.6

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Activators
Key to terms and symbols View all chemical structures Click column headers to sort
Ligand Sp. Action Value Parameter Reference
4-OMe-ARM1 Small molecule or natural product Ligand has a PDB structure Immunopharmacology Ligand Hs Activation - - 4
AC50= 83 nM [4]
Inhibitors
Key to terms and symbols View all chemical structures Click column headers to sort
Ligand Sp. Action Value Parameter Reference
compound 1a [PMID: 25692029] Small molecule or natural product Click here for species-specific activity table Ligand has a PDB structure Hs Inhibition 8.3 pKi 2,10
pKi 8.3 (Ki 5.4x10-9 M) [2,10]
kelatorphan Small molecule or natural product Click here for species-specific activity table Ligand has a PDB structure Hs Inhibition 8.0 pKi 6
pKi 8.0 (Ki 1x10-8 M) [6]
bestatin Small molecule or natural product Hs Inhibition 5.4 pKi 5
pKi 5.4 (Ki 4x10-6 M) [5]
Description: Inhibition of LTB4 formation by isolated human enzyme in vitro.
LYS006 Small molecule or natural product Ligand has a PDB structure Immunopharmacology Ligand Hs Inhibition 8.7 pIC50 1
pIC50 8.7 (IC50 2x10-9 M) [1]
Description: Inhibition of enzyme activity determined in a fluorescence assay using a 7-amino-4-methylcoumarin (AMC) arginine derivative (Arg-AMC) as a surrogate substrate for LTA4H.
DG-051 Small molecule or natural product Hs Inhibition 7.3 pIC50 8
pIC50 7.3 (IC50 4.7x10-8 M) [8]
SC-22716 Small molecule or natural product Hs Inhibition 6.7 pIC50 7
pIC50 6.7 (IC50 2x10-7 M) [7]
Immunopharmacology Comments
LTA4H is an established immunomodulatory target. LTA4H exhibits opposing pro- and anti-inflammatory functions: epoxide hydrolase (EH) activity which catalyses the hydrolysis of leukotriene A4 to leukotriene B4, which promotes neutrophilic inflammation, and aminopeptidase (AP) activity which catalyses the hydrolysis of the tripeptide proline-glycine-proline (PGP) to promote resolution of neutrophilic infiltration.

Expression has been identified in some cancer cells, where it may play a role in the development and progression of cancers associated with chronic inflammation, suggesting that LTA4H inhibitors may have efficacy as anti-cancer therapeutics [3]. X-ray structures revealing the dynamic domain movements taking place upon substrate (LTA4) interaction will allow for more rational drug design [9].

On the other hand, activators of LTA4H AP activity have potential to enhance the anti-inflammatory properties of the enzyme [4].
Immuno Process Associations
Immuno Process:  Inflammation
GO Annotations:  Associated to 1 GO processes
GO:0043312 neutrophil degranulation TAS
Immuno Process:  Cellular signalling
GO Annotations:  Associated to 1 GO processes
GO:0043312 neutrophil degranulation TAS

References

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1. Bollbuck B, Merkert C, Miltz W, Roehn T. (2015) Heteroaryl butanoic acid derivatives as lta4h inhibitors. Patent number: WO2015092740A1. Assignee: Novartis Ag. Priority date: 20/12/2013. Publication date: 25/06/2015.

2. Bonnard E, Poras H, Nadal X, Maldonado R, Fournié-Zaluski MC, Roques BP. (2015) Long-lasting oral analgesic effects of N-protected aminophosphinic dual ENKephalinase inhibitors (DENKIs) in peripherally controlled pain. Pharmacol Res Perspect, 3 (2): e00116. [PMID:25692029]

3. Chen X, Wang S, Wu N, Yang CS. (2004) Leukotriene A4 hydrolase as a target for cancer prevention and therapy. Curr Cancer Drug Targets, 4 (3): 267-83. [PMID:15134534]

4. Lee KH, Petruncio G, Shim A, Burdick M, Zhang Z, Shim YM, Noble SM, Paige M. (2019) Effect of Modifier Structure on the Activation of Leukotriene A4 Hydrolase Aminopeptidase Activity. J Med Chem, 62 (23): 10605-10616. [PMID:31751136]

5. Orning L, Krivi G, Fitzpatrick FA. (1991) Leukotriene A4 hydrolase. Inhibition by bestatin and intrinsic aminopeptidase activity establish its functional resemblance to metallohydrolase enzymes. J Biol Chem, 266 (3): 1375-8. [PMID:1846352]

6. Penning TD, Askonas LJ, Djuric SW, Haack RA, Yu SS, Michener ML, Krivi GG, Pyla E. (1995) Kelatorphan and related analogs: potent and selective inhibitors of leukotriene A4 hydrolase. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 5: 2517-2522. DOI: 10.1016/0960-894X(95)00441-U

7. Penning TD, Chandrakumar NS, Chen BB, Chen HY, Desai BN, Djuric SW, Docter SH, Gasiecki AF, Haack RA, Miyashiro JM et al.. (2000) Structure-activity relationship studies on 1-[2-(4-Phenylphenoxy)ethyl]pyrrolidine (SC-22716), a potent inhibitor of leukotriene A(4) (LTA(4)) hydrolase. J Med Chem, 43 (4): 721-35. [PMID:10691697]

8. Sandanayaka V, Mamat B, Mishra RK, Winger J, Krohn M, Zhou LM, Keyvan M, Enache L, Sullins D, Onua E et al.. (2010) Discovery of 4-[(2S)-2-{[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)phenoxy]methyl}-1-pyrrolidinyl]butanoic acid (DG-051) as a novel leukotriene A4 hydrolase inhibitor of leukotriene B4 biosynthesis. J Med Chem, 53 (2): 573-85. [PMID:19950900]

9. Stsiapanava A, Samuelsson B, Haeggström JZ. (2017) Capturing LTA4 hydrolase in action: Insights to the chemistry and dynamics of chemotactic LTB4 synthesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 114 (36): 9689-9694. [PMID:28827365]

10. Tholander F, Muroya A, Roques BP, Fournié-Zaluski MC, Thunnissen MM, Haeggström JZ. (2008) Structure-based dissection of the active site chemistry of leukotriene A4 hydrolase: implications for M1 aminopeptidases and inhibitor design. Chem Biol, 15 (9): 920-9. [PMID:18804029]

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