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erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2

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Target not currently curated in GtoImmuPdb

Target id: 2019

Nomenclature: erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2

Abbreviated Name: HER2

Family: Type I RTKs: ErbB (epidermal growth factor) receptor family

Gene and Protein Information Click here for help
Species TM AA Chromosomal Location Gene Symbol Gene Name Reference
Human 1 1225 17q11.2-q12 ERBB2 erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2
Mouse 1 1225 11 D Erbb2 erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2
Rat 1 1259 10 q32.1 Erbb2 erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2
Previous and Unofficial Names Click here for help
CD340 | c-erbB2 | epidermal growth factor receptor-related protein | Neu oncogene | NEU proto-oncogene | p185neu | v-erb-b2 avian erythroblastic leukemia viral oncogene homolog 2 | v-erb-b2 avian erythroblastic leukemia viral oncogene 2
Database Links Click here for help
BRENDA
CATH/Gene3D
ChEMBL Target
DrugBank Target
Ensembl Gene
Entrez Gene
Human Protein Atlas
KEGG Enzyme
KEGG Gene
OMIM
Pharos
RefSeq Nucleotide
RefSeq Protein
UniProtKB
Wikipedia
Selected 3D Structures Click here for help
Image of receptor 3D structure from RCSB PDB
Description:  Crystal structure of the kinase domain of human HER2 (ERBB2).
PDB Id:  3PP0
Resolution:  2.25Å
Species:  Human
References:  1
Image of receptor 3D structure from RCSB PDB
Description:  Crystal structure of extracellular domain of human HER2 complexed with Herceptin Fab.
PDB Id:  1N8Z
Ligand:  trastuzumab
Resolution:  2.52Å
Species:  Human
References:  8
Enzyme Reaction Click here for help
EC Number: 2.7.10.1

Download all structure-activity data for this target as a CSV file go icon to follow link

Inhibitors
Key to terms and symbols View all chemical structures Click column headers to sort
Ligand Sp. Action Value Parameter Reference
neratinib Small molecule or natural product Approved drug Primary target of this compound Click here for species-specific activity table Hs Inhibition 8.2 pKd 10
pKd 8.2 (Kd 6x10-9 M) [10]
lapatinib Small molecule or natural product Approved drug Primary target of this compound Click here for species-specific activity table Ligand has a PDB structure Hs Inhibition 8.1 pKd 10
pKd 8.1 (Kd 7x10-9 M) [10]
EGFR/ErbB-2/ErbB-4 inhibitor Small molecule or natural product Primary target of this compound Click here for species-specific activity table Hs Inhibition 9.0 pIC50 17
pIC50 9.0 (IC50 1.1x10-9 M) [17]
allitinib Small molecule or natural product Click here for species-specific activity table Hs Inhibition 8.5 pIC50 32
pIC50 8.5 (IC50 3x10-9 M) [32]
poziotinib Small molecule or natural product Primary target of this compound Click here for species-specific activity table Hs Inhibition 8.3 pIC50 25
pIC50 8.3 (IC50 5.3x10-9 M) [25]
mubritinib Small molecule or natural product Primary target of this compound Hs Inhibition 8.2 pIC50 24
pIC50 8.2 (IC50 6x10-9 M) [24]
Description: Measuring tyrosine phosphorylation of HER2 in human bladder cancer cell lineT24.
AEE788 Small molecule or natural product Click here for species-specific activity table Ligand has a PDB structure Hs Inhibition 8.2 pIC50 30
pIC50 8.2 (IC50 6x10-9 M) [30]
ibrutinib Small molecule or natural product Approved drug Click here for species-specific activity table Ligand has a PDB structure Immunopharmacology Ligand Hs Inhibition 8.2 pIC50 5
pIC50 8.2 (IC50 6.4x10-9 M) [5]
tucatinib Small molecule or natural product Approved drug Primary target of this compound Click here for species-specific activity table Hs Inhibition 8.2 pIC50 18
pIC50 8.2 (IC50 6.9x10-9 M) [18]
Description: Inhibition of enzyme activity in a biochemical assay.
compound 38 [PMID: 24915291] Small molecule or natural product Click here for species-specific activity table Hs Inhibition 8.1 pIC50 21
pIC50 8.1 (IC50 7x10-9 M) [21]
selatinib Small molecule or natural product Click here for species-specific activity table Hs Inhibition 8.1 pIC50 33
pIC50 8.1 (IC50 8.5x10-9 M) [33]
canertinib Small molecule or natural product Click here for species-specific activity table Immunopharmacology Ligand Hs Inhibition 8.1 pIC50 28
pIC50 8.1 (IC50 9x10-9 M) [28]
Description: Inhibition of ErbB2 autophosphorylation
lapatinib Small molecule or natural product Approved drug Primary target of this compound Click here for species-specific activity table Ligand has a PDB structure Hs Inhibition 8.0 pIC50 27
pIC50 8.0 (IC50 9.8x10-9 M) [27]
CP-724714 Small molecule or natural product Primary target of this compound Hs Inhibition 7.9 pIC50 13
pIC50 7.9 (IC50 1.2x10-8 M) [13]
afatinib Small molecule or natural product Approved drug Click here for species-specific activity table Ligand has a PDB structure Hs Inhibition 7.8 pIC50 19
pIC50 7.8 (IC50 1.4x10-8 M) [19]
sapitinib Small molecule or natural product Primary target of this compound Click here for species-specific activity table Hs Inhibition 7.8 pIC50 4
pIC50 7.8 (IC50 1.4x10-8 M) [4]
tesevatinib Small molecule or natural product Primary target of this compound Click here for species-specific activity table Hs Inhibition 7.8 pIC50 12
pIC50 7.8 (IC50 1.6x10-8 M) [12]
CUDC-101 Small molecule or natural product Click here for species-specific activity table Hs Inhibition 7.8 pIC50 6
pIC50 7.8 (IC50 1.57x10-8 M) [6]
BMS-690514 Small molecule or natural product Primary target of this compound Click here for species-specific activity table Hs Inhibition 7.7 pIC50 22
pIC50 7.7 (IC50 1.9x10-8 M) [22]
BMS-599626 Small molecule or natural product Click here for species-specific activity table Hs Inhibition 7.5 pIC50 11
pIC50 7.5 (IC50 2.2x10-8 M) [11]
pyrotinib Small molecule or natural product Click here for species-specific activity table Hs Irreversible inhibition 7.4 pIC50 20
pIC50 7.4 (IC50 3.8x10-8 M) [20]
dacomitinib Small molecule or natural product Approved drug Click here for species-specific activity table Ligand has a PDB structure Hs Inhibition 7.3 pIC50 3
pIC50 7.3 (IC50 4.6x10-8 M) [3]
neratinib Small molecule or natural product Approved drug Primary target of this compound Click here for species-specific activity table Hs Inhibition 7.2 pIC50 26
pIC50 7.2 (IC50 5.9x10-8 M) [26]
Description: Inhibition of autophosphorylation of the cytoplasmic domain of the RTK in a cell free system.
EGFR/ErbB-2 inhibitor Small molecule or natural product Primary target of this compound Click here for species-specific activity table Hs Inhibition 7.1 pIC50 9
pIC50 7.1 (IC50 7.9x10-8 M) [9]
acalabrutinib Small molecule or natural product Approved drug Click here for species-specific activity table Immunopharmacology Ligand Hs Inhibition <6.0 pIC50 5
pIC50 <6.0 (IC50 >1x10-6 M) [5]
falnidamol Small molecule or natural product Click here for species-specific activity table Hs Inhibition 5.5 pIC50 29
pIC50 5.5 (IC50 3.4x10-6 M) [29]
Antibodies
Key to terms and symbols Click column headers to sort
Antibody Sp. Action Value Parameter Reference
MM-111 Peptide Primary target of this compound Click here for species-specific activity table Hs Binding 9.5 pKd 23
pKd 9.5 (Kd 3x10-10 M) [23]
pertuzumab Peptide Approved drug Primary target of this compound Hs Inhibition >8.0 pIC50 15
pIC50 >8.0 (IC50 <1x10-8 M) [15]
Description: Preferred value for inhibition of heregulin β1 binding to MCF7 cells.
trastuzumab Peptide Approved drug Primary target of this compound Hs Inhibition - -
margetuximab Peptide Primary target of this compound Hs Binding - - 14
[14]
Antibody Comments
An anti-ERBB2/CD3e Triomab® called ertumaxomab (Rexomun®) has demonstrated antitumour efficacy against HER2/neu low-expressing breast tumours that are resistant to trastuzumab [16]. Development of ertumaxomab was not progressed beyond Phase 2 for business reasons. No safety issues had been apparent. See the entry for catumaxomab for full details of Triomab® mechanism of action.
Dragonfly Therapeutics are developing agents, using a platform called TriNKETTM (an abbreviation for tri-specific natural killer cell engagement therapies), that simultaneously engage a surface protein on target cells (e.g. cancer cells) and an as yet undisclosed natural killer (NK) cell protein so as to activate and redirect NK cells of the innate and adaptive immune system to destroy cancers. A patent held by Dragonfly Therapeutics suggests that one of the NK cell targets they are interested in is NKG2D (KLRK1; P26718) [7]. Their most advanced candidate (as of November 2019) is DF1001, a HER2-targeting TriNKETTM that has begun Phase 1/2 evaluation in HER2 +ve solid tumours (see NCT04143711). TriNKETTM therapeutics have the potential to treat autoimmune disease in addition to cancer.
DiscoveRx KINOMEscan® screen Click here for help
A screen of 72 inhibitors against 456 human kinases. Quantitative data were derived using DiscoveRx KINOMEscan® platform.
http://www.discoverx.com/services/drug-discovery-development-services/kinase-profiling/kinomescan
Reference: 10,31

Key to terms and symbols Click column headers to sort
Target used in screen: ERBB2
Ligand Sp. Type Action Value Parameter
afatinib Small molecule or natural product Approved drug Ligand has a PDB structure Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 8.3 pKd
neratinib Small molecule or natural product Approved drug Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 8.2 pKd
lapatinib Small molecule or natural product Approved drug Ligand has a PDB structure Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 8.1 pKd
canertinib Small molecule or natural product Immunopharmacology Ligand Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 7.3 pKd
staurosporine Small molecule or natural product Ligand has a PDB structure Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 6.7 pKd
TG-100-115 Small molecule or natural product Ligand has a PDB structure Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 6.4 pKd
NVP-TAE684 Small molecule or natural product Ligand has a PDB structure Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 6.3 pKd
foretinib Small molecule or natural product Ligand has a PDB structure Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 6.2 pKd
masitinib Small molecule or natural product Approved drug Ligand has a PDB structure Immunopharmacology Ligand Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 5.9 pKd
dasatinib Small molecule or natural product Approved drug Ligand has a PDB structure Immunopharmacology Ligand Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 5.8 pKd
Displaying the top 10 most potent ligands  View all ligands in screen »
EMD Millipore KinaseProfilerTM screen/Reaction Biology Kinase HotspotSM screen Click here for help
A screen profiling 158 kinase inhibitors (Calbiochem Protein Kinase Inhibitor Library I and II, catalogue numbers 539744 and 539745) for their inhibitory activity at 1µM and 10µM against 234 human recombinant kinases using the EMD Millipore KinaseProfilerTM service.

A screen profiling the inhibitory activity of 178 commercially available kinase inhibitors at 0.5µM against a panel of 300 recombinant protein kinases using the Reaction Biology Corporation Kinase HotspotSM platform.

http://www.millipore.com/techpublications/tech1/pf3036
http://www.reactionbiology.com/webapps/main/pages/kinase.aspx


Reference: ...2

Key to terms and symbols Click column headers to sort
Target used in screen: nd/ERBB2(HER2)
Ligand Sp. Type Action % Activity remaining at 0.5µM % Activity remaining at 1µM % Activity remaining at 10µM
EGFR/ErbB-2/ErbB-4 inhibitor Small molecule or natural product Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 2.4
lapatinib Small molecule or natural product Approved drug Ligand has a PDB structure Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 9.6
compound 56 [PMID: 8568816] Small molecule or natural product Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 13.8
PDK1/Akt/Flt dual pathway inhibitor Small molecule or natural product Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 22.2
AG1478 Small molecule or natural product Ligand has a PDB structure Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 22.5
PD 158780 Small molecule or natural product Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 28.9
Src kinase inhibitor I Small molecule or natural product Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 29.5
bosutinib Small molecule or natural product Approved drug Ligand has a PDB structure Immunopharmacology Ligand Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 32.9
JAK3 inhibitor II Small molecule or natural product Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 33.1
PD 174265 Small molecule or natural product Ligand has a PDB structure Hs Inhibitor Inhibition 34.0
Displaying the top 10 most potent ligands  View all ligands in screen »
Immuno Process Associations
Immuno Process:  T cell (activation)
GO Annotations:  Associated to 1 GO processes, IEA only
click arrow to show/hide IEA associations
GO:0033088 negative regulation of immature T cell proliferation in thymus IEA
Immuno Process:  Immune regulation
GO Annotations:  Associated to 1 GO processes, IEA only
click arrow to show/hide IEA associations
GO:0033088 negative regulation of immature T cell proliferation in thymus IEA
Immuno Process:  Immune system development
GO Annotations:  Associated to 1 GO processes, IEA only
click arrow to show/hide IEA associations
GO:0033088 negative regulation of immature T cell proliferation in thymus IEA
Immuno Process:  Chemotaxis & migration
GO Annotations:  Associated to 1 GO processes, IEA only
click arrow to show/hide IEA associations
GO:0033088 negative regulation of immature T cell proliferation in thymus IEA
Immuno Process:  Cellular signalling
GO Annotations:  Associated to 1 GO processes, IEA only
click arrow to show/hide IEA associations
GO:0033088 negative regulation of immature T cell proliferation in thymus IEA
Clinically-Relevant Mutations and Pathophysiology Click here for help
Disease:  Gastric cancer
Synonyms: Stomach cancer
Disease Ontology: DOID:10534
OMIM: 613659
Disease:  Glioblastoma
Synonyms: Glioblastoma multiforme
Glioma susceptibility 1; GLM1 [OMIM: 137800]
Disease Ontology: DOID:3068
OMIM: 137800
Orphanet: ORPHA360
Disease:  Lung cancer
Disease Ontology: DOID:1324
OMIM: 211980
Role: 
Disease:  Ovarian cancer
Disease Ontology: DOID:2394
OMIM: 167000

References

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2. Anastassiadis T, Deacon SW, Devarajan K, Ma H, Peterson JR. (2011) Comprehensive assay of kinase catalytic activity reveals features of kinase inhibitor selectivity. Nat. Biotechnol., 29 (11): 1039-45. [PMID:22037377]

3. Barf T, Kaptein A. (2012) Irreversible protein kinase inhibitors: balancing the benefits and risks. J. Med. Chem., 55 (14): 6243-62. [PMID:22621397]

4. Barlaam B, Anderton J, Ballard P, Bradbury RH, Hennequin LF, Hickinson DM, Kettle JG, Kirk G, Klinowska T, Lambert-van der Brempt C et al.. (2013) Discovery of AZD8931, an Equipotent, Reversible Inhibitor of Signaling by EGFR, HER2, and HER3 Receptors. ACS Med Chem Lett, 4 (8): 742-6. [PMID:24900741]

5. Byrd JC, Harrington B, O'Brien S, Jones JA, Schuh A, Devereux S, Chaves J, Wierda WG, Awan FT, Brown JR et al.. (2016) Acalabrutinib (ACP-196) in Relapsed Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia. N. Engl. J. Med., 374 (4): 323-32. [PMID:26641137]

6. Cai X, Zhai HX, Wang J, Forrester J, Qu H, Yin L, Lai CJ, Bao R, Qian C. (2010) Discovery of 7-(4-(3-ethynylphenylamino)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yloxy)-N-hydroxyheptanamide (CUDc-101) as a potent multi-acting HDAC, EGFR, and HER2 inhibitor for the treatment of cancer. J. Med. Chem., 53 (5): 2000-9. [PMID:20143778]

7. Chang GP, Cheung AF, Haney W, Lunds BM, Prinz B. (2018) A protein binding nkg2d, cd16 and a tumor-associated antigen. Patent number: WO2018217947A1. Assignee: Dragonfly Therapeutics, Inc.. Priority date: 23/05/2017. Publication date: 29/11/2018.

8. Cho HS, Mason K, Ramyar KX, Stanley AM, Gabelli SB, Denney DW, Leahy DJ. (2003) Structure of the extracellular region of HER2 alone and in complex with the Herceptin Fab. Nature, 421 (6924): 756-60. [PMID:12610629]

9. Cockerill S, Stubberfield C, Stables J, Carter M, Guntrip S, Smith K, McKeown S, Shaw R, Topley P, Thomsen L et al.. (2001) Indazolylamino quinazolines and pyridopyrimidines as inhibitors of the EGFr and C-erbB-2. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett., 11 (11): 1401-5. [PMID:11378364]

10. Davis MI, Hunt JP, Herrgard S, Ciceri P, Wodicka LM, Pallares G, Hocker M, Treiber DK, Zarrinkar PP. (2011) Comprehensive analysis of kinase inhibitor selectivity. Nat. Biotechnol., 29 (11): 1046-51. [PMID:22037378]

11. Gavai AV, Fink BE, Fairfax DJ, Martin GS, Rossiter LM, Holst CL, Kim SH, Leavitt KJ, Mastalerz H, Han WC et al.. (2009) Discovery and preclinical evaluation of [4-[[1-(3-fluorophenyl)methyl]-1H-indazol-5-ylamino]-5-methylpyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazin-6-yl]carbamic acid, (3S)-3-morpholinylmethyl ester (BMS-599626), a selective and orally efficacious inhibitor of human epidermal growth factor receptor 1 and 2 kinases. J. Med. Chem., 52 (21): 6527-30. [PMID:19821562]

12. Gendreau SB, Ventura R, Keast P, Laird AD, Yakes FM, Zhang W, Bentzien F, Cancilla B, Lutman J, Chu F et al.. (2007) Inhibition of the T790M gatekeeper mutant of the epidermal growth factor receptor by EXEL-7647. Clin. Cancer Res., 13 (12): 3713-23. [PMID:17575237]

13. Gundla R, Kazemi R, Sanam R, Muttineni R, Sarma JA, Dayam R, Neamati N. (2008) Discovery of novel small-molecule inhibitors of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2: combined ligand and target-based approach. J. Med. Chem., 51 (12): 3367-77. [PMID:18500794]

14. Johnson LS, Huang L, Tuaillon N, Bonvini E. (2014) HER2/neu-specific antibodies and methods of using same. Patent number: US8802093 B2. Assignee: Macrogenics, Inc.. Priority date: 02/04/2008. Publication date: 12/08/2014.

15. Kao Y-H, Vanderlaan M. (2006) Her2 antibody composition. Patent number: WO2006033700. Assignee: Genentech Inc.. Priority date: 22/07/2004. Publication date: 30/04/2010.

16. Kiewe P, Thiel E. (2008) Ertumaxomab: a trifunctional antibody for breast cancer treatment. Expert Opin Investig Drugs, 17 (10): 1553-8. [PMID:18808314]

17. Klutchko SR, Zhou H, Winters RT, Tran TP, Bridges AJ, Althaus IW, Amato DM, Elliott WL, Ellis PA, Meade MA et al.. (2006) Tyrosine kinase inhibitors. 19. 6-Alkynamides of 4-anilinoquinazolines and 4-anilinopyrido[3,4-d]pyrimidines as irreversible inhibitors of the erbB family of tyrosine kinase receptors. J. Med. Chem., 49 (4): 1475-85. [PMID:16480284]

18. Kulukian A, Lee P, Taylor J, Rosler R, de Vries P, Watson D, Forero-Torres A, Peterson S. (2020) Preclinical Activity of HER2-Selective Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Tucatinib as a Single Agent or in Combination with Trastuzumab or Docetaxel in Solid Tumor Models. Mol. Cancer Ther., 19 (4): 976-987. [PMID:32241871]

19. Li D, Ambrogio L, Shimamura T, Kubo S, Takahashi M, Chirieac LR, Padera RF, Shapiro GI, Baum A, Himmelsbach F et al.. (2008) BIBW2992, an irreversible EGFR/HER2 inhibitor highly effective in preclinical lung cancer models. Oncogene, 27 (34): 4702-11. [PMID:18408761]

20. Li X, Yang C, Wan H, Zhang G, Feng J, Zhang L, Chen X, Zhong D, Lou L, Tao W et al.. (2017) Discovery and development of pyrotinib: A novel irreversible EGFR/HER2 dual tyrosine kinase inhibitor with favorable safety profiles for the treatment of breast cancer. Eur J Pharm Sci, 110: 51-61. [PMID:28115222]

21. Li X, Zuo Y, Tang G, Wang Y, Zhou Y, Wang X, Guo T, Xia M, Ding N, Pan Z. (2014) Discovery of a series of 2,5-diaminopyrimidine covalent irreversible inhibitors of Bruton's tyrosine kinase with in vivo antitumor activity. J. Med. Chem., 57 (12): 5112-28. [PMID:24915291]

22. Marathe P, Tang Y, Sleczka B, Rodrigues D, Gavai A, Wong T, Christopher L, Zhang H. (2010) Preclinical pharmacokinetics and in vitro metabolism of BMS-690514, a potent inhibitor of EGFR and VEGFR2. J Pharm Sci, 99 (8): 3579-93. [PMID:20166197]

23. McDonagh CF, Huhalov A, Harms BD, Adams S, Paragas V, Oyama S, Zhang B, Luus L, Overland R, Nguyen S et al.. (2012) Antitumor activity of a novel bispecific antibody that targets the ErbB2/ErbB3 oncogenic unit and inhibits heregulin-induced activation of ErbB3. Mol. Cancer Ther., 11 (3): 582-93. [PMID:22248472]

24. Nagasawa J, Mizokami A, Koshida K, Yoshida S, Naito K, Namiki M. (2006) Novel HER2 selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor, TAK-165, inhibits bladder, kidney and androgen-independent prostate cancer in vitro and in vivo. Int. J. Urol., 13 (5): 587-92. [PMID:16771730]

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26. Rabindran SK, Discafani CM, Rosfjord EC, Baxter M, Floyd MB, Golas J, Hallett WA, Johnson BD, Nilakantan R, Overbeek E et al.. (2004) Antitumor activity of HKI-272, an orally active, irreversible inhibitor of the HER-2 tyrosine kinase. Cancer Res., 64 (11): 3958-65. [PMID:15173008]

27. Rusnak DW, Lackey K, Affleck K, Wood ER, Alligood KJ, Rhodes N, Keith BR, Murray DM, Knight WB, Mullin RJ et al.. (2001) The effects of the novel, reversible epidermal growth factor receptor/ErbB-2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor, GW2016, on the growth of human normal and tumor-derived cell lines in vitro and in vivo. Mol. Cancer Ther., 1 (2): 85-94. [PMID:12467226]

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30. Traxler P, Allegrini PR, Brandt R, Brueggen J, Cozens R, Fabbro D, Grosios K, Lane HA, McSheehy P, Mestan J et al.. (2004) AEE788: a dual family epidermal growth factor receptor/ErbB2 and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor with antitumor and antiangiogenic activity. Cancer Res., 64 (14): 4931-41. [PMID:15256466]

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How to cite this page

Type I RTKs: ErbB (epidermal growth factor) receptor family: erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2. Last modified on 20/04/2020. Accessed on 19/10/2020. IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY, http://www.guidetopharmacology.org/GRAC/ObjectDisplayForward?objectId=2019.