nirmatrelvir   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 11503

Synonyms: example E61 [WO2021250648A1] | Paxlovid® (nirmatrelvir + ritonavir) | PF-07321332 | PF07321332
Approved drug
nirmatrelvir is an approved drug (UK MHRA (2021), EMA (2022))
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: PF-07321332 (nirmatrelvir) is an oral antiviral clinical lead. It is a covalent inhibitor of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro (main protease, 3CLpro) that binds to cysteine145 within the enzyme's catalytic domain [4]. Mpro is essential for coronavirus replication. Inhibiting Mpro actvity blocks replication at an early stage in the virus' life cycle. Due to structural similarities between the Mpro's of other coronavirusus, PF-07321332 offers the potential of pan-coronavirus activity. In vitro it is suggested to inhibit replication of CoV-2 variants including delta and omicron.

PF-07321332 is structurally similar to ML1000. Prior to peer-reviewed name-to-structure disclosure, we obtained the structure represented here from an online report by Dr Bethany Halford who attended a session by Dafydd Owen (Pfizer) at the ACS Spring 2021 meeting (@beth_halford image on Twitter) which rendered the SMILES string N#C[C@H](C[C@@H]1CCNC1=O)NC(=O)[C@H]1N(C[C@H]2[C@@H]1C2(C)C)C(=O)[C@H](C(C)(C)C)NC(=O)C(F)(F)F. PF-07321332's chemical structure was formally disclosed in Owen et al's Science article in November 2021 [3], and this confirmed the structure that was obtained from the ACS meeting.
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2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
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Hydrogen bond acceptors 9
Hydrogen bond donors 3
Rotatable bonds 11
Topological polar surface area 131.4
Molecular weight 499.24
XLogP 1.39
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
SMILES / InChI / InChIKey
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Canonical SMILES N#C[C@H](C[C@@H]1CCNC1=O)NC(=O)[C@H]1N(C[C@H]2[C@@H]1C2(C)C)C(=O)[C@H](C(C)(C)C)NC(=O)C(F)(F)F
Isomeric SMILES N#C[C@H](C[C@@H]1CCNC1=O)NC(=O)[C@H]1N(C[C@H]2[C@@H]1C2(C)C)C(=O)[C@H](C(C)(C)C)NC(=O)C(F)(F)F
InChI InChI=1S/C23H32F3N5O4/c1-21(2,3)16(30-20(35)23(24,25)26)19(34)31-10-13-14(22(13,4)5)15(31)18(33)29-12(9-27)8-11-6-7-28-17(11)32/h11-16H,6-8,10H2,1-5H3,(H,28,32)(H,29,33)(H,30,35)/t11-,12-,13-,14-,15-,16+/m0/s1
InChI Key LIENCHBZNNMNKG-OJFNHCPVSA-N
Bioactivity Comments
PF-07321332 inhibits Mpro from SARS-CoV-2 and related coronaviruses in vitro [3].
Selectivity at other protein targets
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Target Sp. Type Action Value Parameter Concentration range (M) Reference
CoV 3C-like (main) protease SARS-CoV-2 Inhibitor Inhibition 9.6 pKi - 3
pKi 9.6 (Ki 2.71x10-10 M) [3]
Description: Determined in vitro, in a TR-FRET enzyme assay
CoV 3C-like (main) protease SARS-CoV-2 Inhibitor Inhibition 7.5 – 7.7 pIC50 - 2
pIC50 7.7 (IC50 1.9x10-8 M) Value provided at a session by Dafydd Owen (Pfizer) at the ACS Spring 2021 meeting; not yet published
pIC50 7.5 (IC50 3.3x10-8 M) [2]