setmelanotide   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 9272

Synonyms: BIM-22493 | Imcivree® | IRC-022493 | RM-493
Approved drug
setmelanotide is an approved drug (FDA (2020), EMA (2021))
Comment: Setmelanotide is an agonist of melanocortin receptors, with approximately 20-fold selectivity for the melanocortin 4 receptor subtype [5]. Chemically it is an eight-amino-acid cyclic peptide, that is able to cross the blood-brain barrier when administered peripherally. Setmelanotide offers anti-obesity potential.
The INN record documents the sequence as N2-acetyl-L-arginyl-L-cysteinyl-D-alanyl-L-histidyl-D-phenylalanyl-L-arginyl-L-tryptophyl-L-cysteinamide, cyclic (2-8)-disulfide.
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2D Structure
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Canonical SMILES NC(=NCCCC(C(=O)NC1CSSCC(NC(=O)C(NC(=O)C(NC(=O)C(NC(=O)C(NC(=O)C(NC1=O)C)Cc1[nH]cnc1)Cc1ccccc1)CCCN=C(N)N)Cc1c[nH]c2c1cccc2)C(=O)N)NC(=O)C)N
Isomeric SMILES NC(=NCCC[C@@H](C(=O)N[C@H]1CSSC[C@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](NC1=O)C)Cc1[nH]cnc1)Cc1ccccc1)CCCN=C(N)N)Cc1c[nH]c2c1cccc2)C(=O)N)NC(=O)C)N
InChI InChI=1S/C49H68N18O9S2/c1-26-41(70)63-37(20-30-22-55-25-59-30)46(75)64-35(18-28-10-4-3-5-11-28)44(73)62-34(15-9-17-57-49(53)54)43(72)65-36(19-29-21-58-32-13-7-6-12-31(29)32)45(74)66-38(40(50)69)23-77-78-24-39(47(76)60-26)67-42(71)33(61-27(2)68)14-8-16-56-48(51)52/h3-7,10-13,21-22,25-26,33-39,58H,8-9,14-20,23-24H2,1-2H3,(H2,50,69)(H,55,59)(H,60,76)(H,61,68)(H,62,73)(H,63,70)(H,64,75)(H,65,72)(H,66,74)(H,67,71)(H4,51,52,56)(H4,53,54,57)/t26-,33+,34+,35-,36+,37+,38+,39+/m1/s1
Bioactivity Comments
EC50 values for cAMP production in vitro vs. human melanocortin receptors are MC4R (0.27mM), MC3R (5.3nM), MC1R (5.8nM), and rat MC4R (0.28nM) [5].
Selectivity at GPCRs
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Target Sp. Type Action Value Parameter Concentration range (M) Reference
MC4 receptor Hs Agonist Agonist 8.7 pKi - 2,5
pKi 8.7 (Ki 2.1x10-9 M) [2,5]
MC4 receptor Rn Agonist Agonist 8.6 pKi - 5
pKi 8.6 (Ki 2.7x10-9 M) [5]
MC1 receptor Hs Agonist Agonist 8.4 pKi - 5
pKi 8.4 (Ki 3.9x10-9 M) [5]
MC3 receptor Hs Agonist Agonist 8.0 pKi - 5
pKi 8.0 (Ki 1x10-8 M) [5]
MC5 receptor Hs Agonist Agonist 6.4 pKi - 5
pKi 6.4 (Ki 4.3x10-7 M) [5]