afamelanotide   

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 1324

Synonyms: α-NDP-MSH | [Nle4,dPhe7]α-MSH | CUV-1647 | CUV1647 | NDP-MSH | Scenesse®
afamelanotide is an approved drug (EMA (2014), FDA (2019))
Comment: Afamelanotide is a synthetic analogue of α-MSH, and is a first-in-class clinically used melanocortin-1 receptor agonist. It is used for certain dematological applications [5-6].
2D Structure
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SMILES / InChI / InChIKey
Canonical SMILES CCCCC(C(=O)NC(C(=O)NC(C(=O)NC(C(=O)NC(C(=O)NC(C(=O)NCC(=O)NC(C(=O)N1CCCC1C(=O)NC(C(=O)N)C(C)C)CCCCN)Cc1c[nH]c2c1cccc2)CCCNC(=N)N)Cc1ccccc1)Cc1[nH]cnc1)CCC(=O)O)NC(=O)C(NC(=O)C(NC(=O)C(NC(=O)C)CO)Cc1ccc(cc1)O)CO
Isomeric SMILES CCCC[C@@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N1CCC[C@H]1C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N)C(C)C)CCCCN)Cc1c[nH]c2c1cccc2)CCCNC(=N)N)Cc1ccccc1)Cc1[nH]cnc1)CCC(=O)O)NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)C)CO)Cc1ccc(cc1)O)CO
InChI InChI=1S/C78H111N21O19/c1-5-6-19-52(91-75(116)61(41-101)97-72(113)57(34-46-24-26-49(103)27-25-46)94-74(115)60(40-100)88-44(4)102)68(109)92-54(28-29-64(105)106)70(111)96-59(36-48-38-83-42-87-48)73(114)93-56(33-45-16-8-7-9-17-45)71(112)90-53(22-14-31-84-78(81)82)69(110)95-58(35-47-37-85-51-20-11-10-18-50(47)51)67(108)86-39-63(104)89-55(21-12-13-30-79)77(118)99-32-15-23-62(99)76(117)98-65(43(2)3)66(80)107/h7-11,16-18,20,24-27,37-38,42-43,52-62,65,85,100-101,103H,5-6,12-15,19,21-23,28-36,39-41,79H2,1-4H3,(H2,80,107)(H,83,87)(H,86,108)(H,88,102)(H,89,104)(H,90,112)(H,91,116)(H,92,109)(H,93,114)(H,94,115)(H,95,110)(H,96,111)(H,97,113)(H,98,117)(H,105,106)(H4,81,82,84)/t52-,53-,54-,55-,56+,57-,58-,59-,60-,61-,62-,65-/m0/s1
InChI Key UAHFGYDRQSXQEB-LEBBXHLNSA-N
No information available.
Summary of Clinical Use
Afamelanotide is approved to prevent phototoxicity in adults with erythropoietic protoporphyria [2-3,5].
Mechanism Of Action and Pharmacodynamic Effects
Afamelanotide stimulates the production of eumelanin in the skin to provide protection against the phototoxic effects of exposure to sunlight in patients with erythropoietic protoporphyria.
External links