dexmedetomidine   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 521

Synonyms: Dexdor® | Igalmi® (dexmedetomidine sublingual film) | MPV 1440 | Precedex®
Approved drug PDB Ligand
dexmedetomidine is an approved drug (FDA (1999), EMA (2011))
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: Dexmedetomidine is a somewhat selective α2-adrenoceptor agonist with sedative properties.
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2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
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Hydrogen bond acceptors 1
Hydrogen bond donors 1
Rotatable bonds 2
Topological polar surface area 28.68
Molecular weight 200.13
XLogP 3.13
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
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Canonical SMILES Cc1cccc(c1C)C(c1c[nH]cn1)C
Isomeric SMILES Cc1cccc(c1C)[C@@H](c1c[nH]cn1)C
InChI InChI=1S/C13H16N2/c1-9-5-4-6-12(10(9)2)11(3)13-7-14-8-15-13/h4-8,11H,1-3H3,(H,14,15)/t11-/m0/s1
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Summary of Clinical Use Click here for help
Used in pain relief, anxiety reduction and analgesia, and in intensive care treatment for sedation of patients on mechanical ventilation and those who are intubated.
Mechanism Of Action and Pharmacodynamic Effects Click here for help
Dexmedetomidine-induced activation of presynaptic α2-adrenoceptors inhibits the release if norepinephrine and terminates the propagation of pain signals. Activation of postsynaptic α2-adrenoceptors inhibits sympathetic activity and decreases blood pressure and heart rate.