GtoPdb Ligand ID: 7069

Synonyms: Adriamycin® | Caelyx® (liposomal doxorubicin) | Doxil® | doxorubicin hydrochloride
doxorubicin is an approved drug (FDA (1974), EMA (1996))
Comment: Doxorubicin is an anthracycline type anti-neoplastic drug.
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2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
Hydrogen bond acceptors 9
Hydrogen bond donors 6
Rotatable bonds 5
Topological polar surface area 206.07
Molecular weight 543.17
XLogP -0.04
No. Lipinski's rules broken 1
Canonical SMILES OCC(=O)C1(O)CC(OC2CC(N)C(C(O2)C)O)c2c(C1)c(O)c1c(c2O)C(=O)c2c(C1=O)cccc2OC
Isomeric SMILES OCC(=O)[C@@]1(O)C[C@H](O[C@H]2C[C@H](N)[C@@H]([C@@H](O2)C)O)c2c(C1)c(O)c1c(c2O)C(=O)c2c(C1=O)cccc2OC
InChI InChI=1S/C27H29NO11/c1-10-22(31)13(28)6-17(38-10)39-15-8-27(36,16(30)9-29)7-12-19(15)26(35)21-20(24(12)33)23(32)11-4-3-5-14(37-2)18(11)25(21)34/h3-5,10,13,15,17,22,29,31,33,35-36H,6-9,28H2,1-2H3/t10-,13-,15-,17-,22+,27-/m0/s1
No information available.
Summary of Clinical Use
Doxorubicin is indicated for treatment of breast and ovarian cancers, multiple myeloma and Kaposi sarcoma.
Mechanism Of Action and Pharmacodynamic Effects
Doxorubicin disrupts DNA function and replication, by directly intercalating into the DNA structure, and by inhibiting the progression of topoisomerase II, an enzyme essential for transcription and DNA replication. This DNA damage leads to apoptotic cell death.
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