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Synonyms: CRX555 | N-[(3R)-3-(Octanoyloxy)myristoyl]-O-[2-[[(3R)-3-(octanoyloxy)myristoyl]amino]-3-O-[(3R)-3-(octanoyloxy)myristoyl]-4-O-phosphono-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-L-serine
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: CRX-555 is a synthetic Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) partial agonist from the Corixa Corporation . It is one of a series of lipid A mimetic aminoalkyl glucosaminide phosphate compounds that were synthesised with different length secondary acyl chains. CRX-555 has 8 carbon atoms in each of its 3 secondary acyl chains. The chemical structures for aminoalkyl glucosaminide phosphate lipid A mimetics including CRX-555 were originally claimed in patent US6303347B1 (now expired) TLR4 as potential adjuvants and immunoeffectors . A later patent (WO2008128997A1 ) claims these compounds for prophylactic and therapeutic applications in autoimmune diseases. The partial agonist effect of CRX-555 was demonstrated in HeLa cells transfected with TLR4/MD-2/CD14 and an IL-8 luciferase promoter construct. While CRX-527 gave a maximum stimulation of almost 60-fold (at 10μg/ml), the maximum stimulation by CRX-555 at this concentration was only ~25-fold .