zidovudine   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 4825

Abbreviated name: AZT
Synonyms: 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine | Retrovir®
Approved drug PDB Ligand
zidovudine is an approved drug (FDA (1987))
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: Zidovudine (AZT) is a nucleoside analogue reverse-transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) class antiretroviral drug. It was the first antiretroviral for HIV to be approved by the US FDA, and it is now listed in the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines. Click here to access the pdf version of the WHO's 21st Essential Medicines list (2019).
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View more information in the IUPHAR Pharmacology Education Project: zidovudine

2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
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Hydrogen bond acceptors 6
Hydrogen bond donors 2
Rotatable bonds 3
Topological polar surface area 96.68
Molecular weight 267.1
XLogP -0.12
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
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Canonical SMILES OCC1OC(CC1N=[N+]=[N-])n1cc(C)c(=O)[nH]c1=O
Isomeric SMILES OC[C@H]1O[C@H](C[C@@H]1N=[N+]=[N-])n1cc(C)c(=O)[nH]c1=O
InChI InChI=1S/C10H13N5O4/c1-5-3-15(10(18)12-9(5)17)8-2-6(13-14-11)7(4-16)19-8/h3,6-8,16H,2,4H2,1H3,(H,12,17,18)/t6-,7+,8+/m0/s1
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Summary of Clinical Use Click here for help
Anti-retroviral used in the treatment of HIV/AIDS.
Mechanism Of Action and Pharmacodynamic Effects Click here for help
Once phosphorylated into active metabolites zidovudine acvts by inhibiting HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. It is also a weak inhibitor of cellular DNA polymerase α and γ.
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