propofol   

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 5464

Synonyms: 2,6-diisopropylphenol | Diprivan® | ICI 35868
propofol is an approved drug (FDA (1989))
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: Propofol is a short-acting (lasting 5-10 minutes) sedative.
Propofol is on the World Health Organisation's List of Essential Medicines. Click here to access the pdf version of the WHO's 21st Essential Medicines list (2019).
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2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
Hydrogen bond acceptors 0
Hydrogen bond donors 1
Rotatable bonds 2
Topological polar surface area 20.23
Molecular weight 178.14
XLogP 4
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
SMILES / InChI / InChIKey
Canonical SMILES CC(c1cccc(c1O)C(C)C)C
Isomeric SMILES CC(c1cccc(c1O)C(C)C)C
InChI InChI=1S/C12H18O/c1-8(2)10-6-5-7-11(9(3)4)12(10)13/h5-9,13H,1-4H3
InChI Key OLBCVFGFOZPWHH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
No information available.
Summary of Clinical Use
Used in the induction and maintenance of anaesthesia and the management of refractory status epilepticus.
Mechanism Of Action and Pharmacodynamic Effects
The inhibitory function of GABA through GABAA channels is enhanced by propofol. Propofol binding sites have been identified on recombinantly expressed human GABAA channels [3].
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