glimepiride   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 6820

Synonyms: Amaryl® | glimepride | HOE-490 | Sugral®
Approved drug
glimepiride is an approved drug (FDA (1995))
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: Only approved by the EMA (2007) to be used in combination with pioglitazone (Tandemact®). Note that the PubChem CID listed above refers to the non-isomeric molecule. We show the isomeric form which corresponds to the structure held with the INN record for this compound.
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2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
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Hydrogen bond acceptors 9
Hydrogen bond donors 3
Rotatable bonds 11
Topological polar surface area 133.06
Molecular weight 490.22
XLogP 3.79
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
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Canonical SMILES CCC1=C(C)CN(C1=O)C(=O)NCCc1ccc(cc1)S(=O)(=O)NC(=O)NC1CCC(CC1)C
Isomeric SMILES CCC1=C(C)CN(C1=O)C(=O)NCCc1ccc(cc1)S(=O)(=O)NC(=O)N[C@@H]1CC[C@H](CC1)C
InChI InChI=1S/C24H34N4O5S/c1-4-21-17(3)15-28(22(21)29)24(31)25-14-13-18-7-11-20(12-8-18)34(32,33)27-23(30)26-19-9-5-16(2)6-10-19/h7-8,11-12,16,19H,4-6,9-10,13-15H2,1-3H3,(H,25,31)(H2,26,27,30)/t16-,19-
No information available.
Summary of Clinical Use Click here for help
Used in combination with insulin to treat diabetes mellitus type 2. Only approved by the EMA (2007) to be used in combination with pioglitazone.
Mechanism Of Action and Pharmacodynamic Effects Click here for help
A long-acting sulfonylurea which stimulates insulin sectetion by pancreatic β cells. The sulfonyurea drugs appear to bind sulfonylurea receptors and it has been shown experimentally that tritiated glibenclamide can be used to pull out a 140 kDa protein identified as SUR1 (now known as ABCC8) [3]. SUR2 (ABCC9) has also been identified [1]. However, this is not the full mechanism of action and the functional channel has been characterised as a hetero-octamer formed by four SUR and four Kir6.2 subunits, with the Kir6.2 subunits forming the core ion pore and the SUR subunits providing the regulatory properties [2]. Co-expression of Kir6.2 with SUR1, reconstitutes the ATP-dependent K+ conductivity inhibited by the sulfonyureas [1].