GM-CSF   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 4942

Synonyms: colony-stimulating factor | CSF
Immunopharmacology Ligand
Comment: GM-CSF as a target in inflammatory/autoimmune disease was reviewed by Hamilton (2015) [3].

COVID-19: In March 2021, results of the analysis of the inflammatory cytokine/chemokine profiles from COVID-19 patients (spanning the spectrum from mild to fatal disease) and archival samples from patients with severe influenza, identified elevated GM-CSF as a principal marker of severe COVID-19 immunopathology. Both IL-6 and GM-CSF elevations were detected as potent drivers of COVID-19 pathogenesis (associated with disease severity and coinciding with elevated markers of endothelial injury and thrombosis), GM-CSF distinguished COVID-19 from fatal influenza [8]. The findings from this study supports continued targeting of GM-CSF as a therapy for patients with severe COVID-19. Investigational anti-GM-CSF monoclonals that were repositioned for COVID-19 and entered into clinical trials in COVID-19 positive patients include lenzilumab, gimsilumab, otilimab and plonmarlimab [2].
Species: Human
Classification Click here for help
Compound class Endogenous peptide in human, mouse or rat
Synonyms Click here for help
colony-stimulating factor | CSF
Gene/Precursor Click here for help
Gene symbol Gene name Species Precursor protein name Synonyms
CSF2 colony stimulating factor 2 Human prepro-colony stimulating factor 2 (granulocyte macrophage) colony stimulating factor 2 (granulocyte-macrophage), GMCSF, GM-CSF, granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor, molgramostin
Database Links Click here for help
Ensembl Gene ENSG00000164400 (Hs)
GtoPdb PubChem SID 178101640
Human Protein Atlas ENSG00000164400 (Hs)
UniProtKB P04141 (Hs)
Wikipedia Granulocyte_macrophage_colony-stimulating_factor