anakinra   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 6972

Synonyms: antril | Kineret®
Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand
anakinra is an approved drug (FDA (no history prior to 2001), EMA (2002))
Comment: This drug is a recombinant, nonglycosylated form of the endogenous IL-1 receptor antagonist peptide with an additional methionine at the amino terminus compared to the endogenous peptide.
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Summary of Clinical Use Click here for help
Anakinra is used to treat the symptoms of moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis and may also help slow the progress of the disease. This drug is usually tried after treatment with other arthritis medications has been unsuccessful.
Mechanism Of Action and Pharmacodynamic Effects Click here for help
Anakinra mimics the action of endogenous IL-1 antagonist peptide (IL-1ra) and competitively inhibits IL-1 binding to the interleukin-1 type I receptor (IL-1RI), boosting the IL-1ra effect and thereby ameliorating the pathological effects of elevated IL-1 observed in rheumatoid arthritis (cartilage degradation and bone resorption).