chloroquine   

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 5535

Synonyms: Aralen® | chloraquine | Malaquin®
chloroquine is an approved drug (FDA (1949), UK (2000))
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: Chloroquine is a 4-aminoquinoline and used primarily as an antimalarial drug.
The approved drug is a racemic mixture and we show the chemical structure without stereochemistry to represent the mixture. The non-isomeric structure is also represented in the PubChem, ChEMBL and ChEBI entries listed in the links table below, while the two enantiomers forming the racemate are represented by PubChem CID 444810 and PubChem CID 639540. The PDB entry listed in the links table is for (R)-chloroquine.
Marketed formulations may contain chloroquine phosphate (PubChem CID 64927).

The Malaria tab on this ligand page provides additional curator comments of relevance to the Guide to MALARIA PHARMACOLOGY.
2D Structure
Click here for structure editor
Physico-chemical Properties
Hydrogen bond acceptors 3
Hydrogen bond donors 1
Rotatable bonds 8
Topological polar surface area 28.16
Molecular weight 319.18
XLogP 4.27
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
SMILES / InChI / InChIKey
Canonical SMILES CCN(CCCC(Nc1ccnc2c1ccc(c2)Cl)C)CC
Isomeric SMILES CCN(CCCC(Nc1ccnc2c1ccc(c2)Cl)C)CC
InChI InChI=1S/C18H26ClN3/c1-4-22(5-2)12-6-7-14(3)21-17-10-11-20-18-13-15(19)8-9-16(17)18/h8-11,13-14H,4-7,12H2,1-3H3,(H,20,21)
InChI Key WHTVZRBIWZFKQO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Immunopharmacology Comments
Chloroquine is authorised in the UK for the treatment of the autoimmune disorders rheumatoid arthritis and discoid and systemic lupus erythematosus.
Immunopharmacology Disease
Disease X-Refs Comment References
Rheumatoid arthritis Disease Ontology: DOID:7148
OMIM: 180300
Lupus erythematosus Disease Ontology: DOID:8857
Immunopaedia Case Studies Links
A case of a 3 month old infant with bloody urine and stools