chloroquine   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 5535

Synonyms: Aralen® | chloraquine | Malaquin®
Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand Antimalarial Ligand
chloroquine is an approved drug (FDA (1949), UK (2000))
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: Chloroquine is a 4-aminoquinoline and used primarily as an antimalarial drug.
The approved drug is a racemic mixture and we show the chemical structure without stereochemistry to represent the mixture. The non-isomeric structure is also represented in the PubChem, ChEMBL and ChEBI entries listed in the links table below, while the two enantiomers forming the racemate are represented by PubChem CID 444810 and PubChem CID 639540. The PDB entry listed in the links table is for (R)-chloroquine.
Marketed formulations may contain chloroquine phosphate (PubChem CID 64927).

The Malaria tab on this ligand page provides additional curator comments of relevance to the Guide to MALARIA PHARMACOLOGY.
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2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
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Hydrogen bond acceptors 3
Hydrogen bond donors 1
Rotatable bonds 8
Topological polar surface area 28.16
Molecular weight 319.18
XLogP 4.27
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
SMILES / InChI / InChIKey
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Canonical SMILES CCN(CCCC(Nc1ccnc2c1ccc(c2)Cl)C)CC
Isomeric SMILES CCN(CCCC(Nc1ccnc2c1ccc(c2)Cl)C)CC
InChI InChI=1S/C18H26ClN3/c1-4-22(5-2)12-6-7-14(3)21-17-10-11-20-18-13-15(19)8-9-16(17)18/h8-11,13-14H,4-7,12H2,1-3H3,(H,20,21)
InChI Key WHTVZRBIWZFKQO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
References
1. Delves M, Plouffe D, Scheurer C, Meister S, Wittlin S, Winzeler EA, Sinden RE, Leroy D. (2012)
The activities of current antimalarial drugs on the life cycle stages of Plasmodium: a comparative study with human and rodent parasites.
PLoS Med, 9 (2): e1001169. [PMID:22363211]
2. Liu Q, Tang Z, Surdenikova L, Kim S, Patel KN, Kim A, Ru F, Guan Y, Weng HJ, Geng Y, Undem BJ, Kollarik M, Chen ZF, Anderson DJ, Dong X. (2009)
Sensory neuron-specific GPCR Mrgprs are itch receptors mediating chloroquine-induced pruritus.
Cell, 139 (7): 1353-65. [PMID:20004959]