The IUPHAR Guide to PHARMACOLOGY complete ligand list

Non-peptidic, biogenic compounds derived from living organisms and their close synthetic derivatives.

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

Ligand name ID Synonyms
A Back to top
aconitine 2617
agatoxin 489 2484 AG 489
ajmalicine 8746 delta-yohimbine, raubasine, rauvasan, rauwolfia alkaloid
alcuronium 341
allicin 2419
anacardic acid 6999
apicidin 7495 OSI-2040
apigenin 4136
arbekacin 7345 arbekacin sulfate, NPC-14
arecoline 296 methylarecaiden, methylarecaidin, taeniolin
argiotoxin 4138 argiotoxin 636
artepillin C 6302
atropine 320 Atropen®, hyoscyamine
azalanstat 8799 compound 1 [PMID: 8340925], RS-21607197
 
B Back to top
baicalein 5144 5,6,7-trihydroxyflavone
balanol 8142 azepinostatin
batrachotoxin 2619
benzoate 4565 benzoic acid
betaine 4550 glycine betaine, N,N,N-trimethylammonioacetate, trimethylglycine
betulinic acid 3945
bicuculline 2312 bicuculline methiodide
bilobalide 2366
biochanin A 2829 4'-methylgenistein
Bis1 9572 Tz‐BBA
bisandrographolide 2502
bongkrek acid 4689 BKA, bongkrekic acid, flavotoxin A
borneol 6413 (+)-borneol, isoborneol
brucine 342 10,11-dimethoxy strychnine
budesonide 7434 Entocort®, Pulmicort®, S-1320, Uceris®
buprenorphine 1670 Buprenex®, CAM2038, Temgesic®
 
C Back to top
cabergoline 37 Cabaser®, Caberlin®
caffeic acid 5155
caffeine 407
calphostin C 5156
camphor 2422 2-bornanone, 2-camphanone, bornan-2-one
cannabidiol 4150 CBD, GWP42003-P
capsaicin 2486 Qutenza®
carboxyatractyloside 4572 CATR
carvacrol 2497
carveol 6417 L-carveol
chaetocin 8388
chelerythrine 5953 broussonpapyrine, cheleritrine, chelerythrine hydroxide, toddalin
citibrasine 8561 compound 7 [PMID: 21277783]
citral 6327 citral a, geranial, geranialdehyde, trans-citral
7α-Cl-ginkgolide B 1840 7α-Cl-GB
cocaine 2286
compound 5 [PMID: 10869194] 8843
conessine 8981
correolide 2555
crofelemer 7453 Fulyzaq®, SP-303
curcumin 7000
cyclopiazonic acid 5350 α-cyclopiazonic acid, NSC 117181
cytisine 5347 cytisin
cytochalasin B 5334 phomin
 
D Back to top
dalteparin 6803 dalteparin sodium, Fragmin®
danaparoid 6804 ORG-10172, Orgaran®
dapagliflozin 4594 BMS-512148, Farxiga®, Forxiga®
daunorubicin 7063 Cerubidine®, daunomycin, FI-6339, NDC-0082-4155, RP-13057
defibrotide 9087 Defitelio®
defoslimod 9024 OM 174, OM-174
1-deoxynojirimycin 4642 AT-2220, duvoglustat, S-GI
deserpidine 7064 Harmonyl®, recanescin
desonide 7066 D-2083, Desowen®
1,9-dideoxyforskolin 4100
difluprednate 7474 DFBA, Durezol®, W-6309
digoxin 4726 Lanoxin®
[3H]digoxin 4725 [3H]-digoxin
dihydrocodeine 7594 DF-118, Dicogesic®, dihydrocodeine bitartrate, Drocode, Paracodeine®
dihydroergocristine 278
domoic acid 4181 domoate, NSC 288031
doxorubicin 7069 Adriamycin®, Caelyx® (liposomal doxorubicin), Doxil®, doxorubicin hydrochloride
dutasteride 7457 Avodart®, GG-745, GI-198745
dysiherbaine 4185
 
E Back to top
empagliflozin 4754 BI 10773
epibatidine 5348 (+)-epibatidine, CMI 488
[125I]epibatidine 3976
[3H]epibatidine 3977
epigallocatechin-3-gallate 7002 EGCG, EGCG, epigallocatechin gallate
7-epi-ginkgolide C 1848 7-epi-GC
α-ergocryptine 271
erythromycin-A 1456 EM-A, E-Mycin®, Erythrocin®, erythromycin
esculetin 5180 6,7-dihydroxycoumarin, aesculetin, cichorigenin
eucalyptol 2464
eugenol 2425
 
F Back to top
farnesol 3215 FCI 119a
fascaplysin 5969
7α-F-ginkgolide B 1841 7α-F-GB
fisetin 5182
flagellin 4931
flavone 409
formate 4540 formic acid, HCOO-
forskolin 5190 coleonol
FR-49175 3150 AC1L4YI4, bis(methylthio)gliotoxin, dimethylgliotoxin, FR 49175
 
G Back to top
galangin 410 3,5,7-trihydroxyflavone, 3,5,7-triOH-flavone, norizalpinin, NSC-407229
garcinol 7001
geraniol 2467
gingerol 2428 6-Gingerol, [6]-Gingerol
ginkgolide A 1861
ginkgolide B 1862 GKB, BN 52021
ginkgolide C 1863 BN 52022
ginkgolide J 1864
ginsenoside Rg3 7658 (20S)-ginsenoside Rg3
gluconate 4519
glycyrrhizin 4688
gossypol 4204
grassystatin A 8674
grayanotoxin III 2628
grifolic acid 5588 ilicicolinic acid B
grifolic acid methyl ether 5589
guggulsterone 2745 E-guggulsterone, guggulsterones E, pregna-4,17-diene-3,16-dione
guvacine 4691
 
H Back to top
herbimycin A 5984
himbacine 324
HS142-1 4952 HS-142-1
hydrocodone 7081 Zohydro®
hydromorphone 7082 Dilaudid®, hydromorphone hydrochloride, Palladone®
hyperforin 2764
hypoglaucin A 842 (-)-hypoglaucine A
 
I Back to top
ibotenic acid 1371 ibotenate
idarubicin 7083 Idamycin®, IMI-30, Zavedos®
indole-3-propionic acid 4709 IPA, 3-indolepropionicacid, oxigon
inecalcitol 7747 TX522
ingenol mebutate 7443 PEP-005, Picato®
5'-iodoresiniferatoxin 4109 I-RTX
 
J Back to top
joro toxin 4229
 
K Back to top
K-252a 336 K252a, ST50826373, staurosporine aglycone
kainate 4231
[3H]kainate 4085
kallstroemin D 843
kuwanon H 622 kuwanone H
 
L Back to top
L-azetidine-2-carboxylate 4686
liquiritigenin 8899
lisuride 43 (+)-lisuride, Dopergin®, lysuride
lovastatin 2739 (+)-mevinolin, 6α-methylcompactin, Mevacor®
LPS 5019 lipopolysaccharide derived from Gram-negative bacteria
luteolin 5215
lysergic acid 139 (+)-lysergic acid, D-lysergic acid, isolysergic acid
 
M Back to top
6-methoxysakuranetin 9111 compound 33 [PMID: 21650152]
methyllycaconitine 4005
[3H]methyllycaconitine 3980
microcystin-LR 4735 toxin-LR
mithramycin 8394 aureolic acid, Mithracin®, mithramycin A, MMA
mitomycin C 7089 Mitosol®, NSC-26980
2-monoacylglycerol 8800 1-alkyl-2-acylglycerol, 2-acylglycerol, 2-monoglyceride, monoglyceride
morin 411 aurantica, calico yellow, toxylon pomiferum
muramyl dipeptide 5024 MDP
muscarine 3996
muscimol 4259 agarin, pantherine
[3H]muscimol 4090
mycophenolic acid 6832 ERL-080, Myfortic® (mycophenolate sodium)
 
N Back to top
naringin 4738
N-benzyl brucine 332 BNO
N-chloromethyl-brucine 344 CMB, N-chloromethylbrucine
neomycin 709 Neo-Rx®, neomycin sulfate
7α-N3-ginkgolide B 1842 7α-N3-GB
7α-NHEt-ginkgolide B 1844 7α-NHEt-GB
7α-NH2-ginkgolide B 1843 7α-NH2-GB
7α-NHMe-ginkgolide B 1845 7α-NHMe-GB
nordihydroguiaretic acid 4265 NDGA, Actinex®
 
O Back to top
7α-OAc-ginkgolide B 1846 7α-OAc-GB
10-OBn-epi-ginkgolide C 1838 10-OBn-epi-GC
10-OBn-7α-F-gingkolide B 1835 10-OBn-7α-F-GB, compound 17 [PMID: 12570381]
10-OBn-ginkgolide B 1836 10-OBn-GB
10-OBn-ginkgolide C 1837 10-OBn-GC
ochratoxin A 4672
7α-OCOCH2Ph-ginkgolide B 1847 7α-OCOCH2Ph-GB
okadaic acid 5349
oleanolic acid 3306
oleocanthal 6308 (-)-oleocanthal
omacetaxine mepesuccinate 7454 CGX-635, HHT, homoharringtonine, Myelostat®, Synribo®
ouabain 4826
oxycodone 7093 oxycodone hydrochloride, Roxicodone®
oxymorphone 7094 Opana®, oxymorphone hydrochloride
 
P Back to top
paclitaxel 2770 7-epipaclitaxel, Abraxane® (albumin-bound suspension), Taxol®
parawixin 1 5352 PbTx1
peptidoglycan 5044 PGN, murein
pergolide 48 LY-127809, Permax®
PGE1 1882 Alprostadil®, MR-256, prostaglandin E1
phalloidin 4736
phloretin 4285
phlorizin 4757
physostigmine 6598 Antilirium®, eserine, physostigmine salicylate
picrotoxin 4051
picrotoxinin 2291
plumbagin 7003 RTK1
PPAHV 2490 phorbol-12-phenylacetate-13-acetate-20-homovanillate
 
Q Back to top
quercetin 5346
quinestrol 7097 Estrovis®, W-3566
quinidine 2342 Quinaglute®, Quinidex®, quinidine hydrochloride
quinine 2510 GNF-Pf-506, Qualaquin®, Quinate®, quinine bisulphate, quinine sulfate
 
R Back to top
rauwolscine 136 α-yohimbine, corynanthidine, isoyohimbine, mesoyohimbine
rescinnamine 7098
resiniferatoxin 2491 RTX
[125I]resiniferatoxin 2492
[3H]resiniferatoxin 4091
resveratrol 8741 3,4',5-stilbenetriol, 3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene, trans-resveratrol
rifampicin 2765 Rifadin®, rifampin
rifamycin SV 4570
rottlerin 2611 mallotoxin
roxithromycin 1465
ryanodine 4303
 
S Back to top
sakuranetin 412 4',5-dihydroxy-7-methoxyflavanone
salicylic acid 4306 Bazuka Extra Strength Gel®, salicylate
salvinorin A 1666 divinorin A
saxitoxin 2625
schisandrin A 2769 (-)-deoxyschisandrin, (-)-dimethylgomisin J
scopolamine 330 hyoscine, levo-duboisine, Scopoderm®
staurosporine 346 (+)-staurosporine, antibiotic 230, antibiotic AM-2282
streptonigrin 8683 bruneomycin, nigrin, NSC-45383, rufocromomycin, valacidin
strychnine 347 sanaseed, strychnin
[3H]strychnine 2360
sulforaphane 6569
 
T Back to top
tagitinin A 8701
tanespimycin 7751 17-AAG, 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin, 17-N-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin, 17AAG
tannic acid 4319
Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol 2424 THC, Δ9-THC, Abbott 40566, delta9-THC, Marinol®, tetrahydrocannabinol
tetrahydrocannabivarin 6418 THC-V, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin, Δ9-THCV, delta9-THCV, THCV
tetrodotoxin 2616 TTX
tetronothiodin 910
thapsigargin 5351
theophylline 413 Nuelin®, Slo-Bid®, Theolair®
(-)-α-thujone 5344 α-thujone
thymol 2499
tinzaparin 6846 Innohep®, tinzaparin sodium
tirotundin 8700
topotecan 7101 Hycamtin®, SK-S-104864-A
trabectedin 2774 ecteinascidin 743, ET-743, Yondelis®
travoprost 7102 AL-6221, Travatan®
tryptanthrin 8224 couroupitine a, GNF-PF-2691
tubocurarine 2294 (+)-tubocurarine, d-tubocurarine
 
U Back to top
ulipristal acetate 7460 CDB-2914, EllaOne®, VA2914
 
V Back to top
vanillin 6412 vanilla
veratridine 2626 3-veratroylveracevine, veratrine
vialinin A 8669 ganbajunin C
vincamine 349 vincamidol
vincristine 6785 22-oxovincaleukoblastine, kyocristine, leurocristine sulfate, NSC-67574, Oncovin®
vinorelbine 7105 Navelbine®
visnagin 433 desmethoxykhellin
 
W Back to top
waixenicin A 6359
wedelolactone 5551
wortmannin 6060 antibiotic SL-2052, KY 12420
 
X Back to top
xestospongin C 4344
 
Y Back to top
YM-254890 9335 YM254890
yohimbine 102 Actibine®, corynine, quebrachin, yohimbin
 
Z Back to top
zaragozic acid A 3057 L 694599, L-694599, squalestatin, squalestatin 1
zaragozic acid B 6061
zaragozic acid C 3073