Top ▲

The IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY complete ligand list

Click here for help
All ligands in the database which are included in the World Health Organization (WHO) Model List of Essential Medicines (21st list, 2019).

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Z 

Ligand name ID Synonyms
A Back to top
abacavir Approved drug PDB Ligand 11152 ABC, 1592U89, Ziagen®
acetazolamide Approved drug PDB Ligand 6792 Diamox®
acetic acid PDB Ligand 1058 acetate, ethanoic acid
acetylcysteine Approved drug PDB Ligand 10945 Ilube® (eye drops), N-A-C Sustain®, N-Acetyl-cysteine, N-Acetyl-L-cysteine, NAC, Parvolex®
aciclovir Approved drug PDB Ligand 4829 acyclovir, Zovirax®
adalimumab Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 4860 D2E7, Humira®
(±)-adrenaline 509 adrenaline, epinephrine
allopurinol Approved drug 6795 Aloprim®, BW-56-158, BW-56158, Zyloprim®
amikacin Approved drug PDB Ligand 10894 Amikin®, AMK, Arikayce liposomal®, BB-K8
amiloride Approved drug PDB Ligand 2421 amiloride HCl, Midamor®
amiodarone Approved drug PDB Ligand 2566 amiodarone hydrochloride, Cordarone®
amitriptyline Approved drug PDB Ligand 200 amitryptiline, Elavil®, Endep®
amlodipine Approved drug 6981 amlodipine besylate, amlodipine maleate, Copalia® (amlodipine + valsartan), Katerzia® (amlodipine oral suspension, 1 mg/mL), Norvasc®, UK-4834011
amodiaquine Approved drug PDB Ligand Antimalarial Ligand 10018 Alphaquine®, Amdaquine®, Amoquin®, Camoquin®, Flavoquine®
amoxicillin Approved drug 10895 Amoxil®, BRL-2333, co-amoxiclav (amoxicillin + clavulanic acid), Moxatag®, NSC-277174, Trimox®
ampicillin Approved drug PDB Ligand 10896 aminobenzylpenicillin, KS-R1, Penbritin®, Polycillin, Principen®
anastrozole Approved drug 5137 Arimidex®
aprepitant Approved drug PDB Ligand 3490 Emend®
artemether Approved drug PDB Ligand Antimalarial Ligand 9955 β-artemether, beta-artemether
artenimol Approved drug Antimalarial Ligand 9957 DHA, dihydroartemisinin, GNF-Pf-5634
artesunate Approved drug PDB Ligand Antimalarial Ligand 9956
aspirin Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand 4139 Acetophen®, acetylsalicylic acid, Aspirin®
atazanavir Approved drug PDB Ligand 11138 ATV, BMS-232632, CGP 73547, latazanavir, Reyataz®, zrivada
atracurium Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 9537 atracurium besilate, atracurium dibesylate, BW 33A, Tracrium®
atropine Approved drug 320 Atropen®, hyoscyamine
avibactam Approved drug PDB Ligand 10761 AVI, NXL 104, NXL-104, NXL104
azathioprine Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 7120 Azasan®, BW-57-322, Imuran®
azithromycin Approved drug PDB Ligand Antimalarial Ligand 6510
 
B Back to top
beclometasone Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand 7059 beclomethasone, SCH-18020W
bedaquiline Approved drug PDB Ligand 11171 BDQ, compound 1a [PMID: 17496888], R-207910, Sirturo®, TMC-207, TMC207
bendamustine Approved drug 7478 Levact®, SDX-105, Treanda®
betamethasone Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 7061 SCH-4831
bevacizumab Approved drug 6771 Avastin®, rhuMAb-VEGF
bicalutamide Approved drug 2863 Calutide®, Casodex®
biperiden Approved drug 7128 Akineton®, biperiden HCl, biperiden lactate
bisoprolol Approved drug 7129 CL-297939, EMD-33512, Zebeta®
bortezomib Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand Antimalarial Ligand 6391 peptide boronate, PS-341, Velcade®
budesonide Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 7434 Entocort®, Eohilia® (budesonide oral suspension), Jorveza®, Pulmicort®, S-1320, Uceris®
bupivacaine Approved drug 2397 DL-Bupivacaine, Exparel®, Marcain®, Posimir®, Sensorcaine®, W-7, Xaracoll®
 
C Back to top
capecitabine Approved drug 6799 Ro-09-1978-000, Ro-091978000, Xeloda®
carbamazepine Approved drug PDB Ligand 5339 calepsin, Carnexiv®, Tegretol®
carbidopa Approved drug PDB Ligand 5159 Duodopa®, Lodosyn®
carboplatin Approved drug 7624 JM-8, Paraplatin®
cefazolin 10935 Ancef®, cephazolin, CEZ, Kefzol®, SK&F-41558
cefixime Approved drug PDB Ligand 10898 (E)-Cefixime, Cefspan®, CFIX, FK-027, FR-17027, Suprax®
cefotaxime Approved drug PDB Ligand 10893 Claforan®, Ru-24756
ceftazidime Approved drug 10762 CAZ, Fortaz®, Fortum®, GR 20263, GR-20263, GR20263, LY-139381, LY139381, Pentacef®, Tazicef®
ceftriaxone Approved drug 5326 Rocephin®
cefuroxime Approved drug PDB Ligand 10900 Ceftin®, CXM, Kefurox®, Zinacef®
cephalexin Approved drug 4832 cefalexin, Ceporex®, Keflex®
chlorambucil Approved drug PDB Ligand 7143 chlorbutin, Leukeran®
chloramphenicol Approved drug PDB Ligand 10901 Brolene®
chloroquine Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand Antimalarial Ligand 5535 Aralen®, chloraquine, Malaquin®
chlorpromazine Approved drug PDB Ligand 83 chlorpromazine HCl, Largactil®, Thorazine®
ciprofloxacin Approved drug PDB Ligand 10902 BAY-O-9867, BAY-O9867, Cetraxal®, Ciloxan®, Cipro®, CPFX, Proquin XR
cisplatin Approved drug 5343 Platinol®
clarithromycin Approved drug PDB Ligand 10903 6-O-methylerythromycin, A-56268, ABBOTT-56268, Biaxin®, Klaricid®, TE-031
clavulanic acid Approved drug PDB Ligand 11128 BRL-14151, BRL-14151K, BRL14151, clavulanate
clindamycin Approved drug PDB Ligand Antimalarial Ligand 10607
clofazimine Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 9184 Lamprene®
clomiphene Approved drug 4159 Androxal®, Clomid®, clomifene, MER-41, MRL-41, Omifin®, RMI-16289
clomipramine Approved drug PDB Ligand 2398 Anafranil®, G-34586
clopidogrel Approved drug PDB Ligand 7150 Iscover®, Plavix®, SR-25990C
cloxacillin Approved drug PDB Ligand 11126 BRL-1621, BRL1621, chloroxacillin, Methocillin S, Syntarpen®, Tegopen®
clozapine Approved drug 38 Clorazil®, HF-1854
codeine Approved drug 1673 Codicept®, methylmorphine
colistin Approved drug 10794 Colobreathe®, polymyxin E, Promixin®
cortisol Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand 2868 Acticort®, Plenadren®
crisantaspase Approved drug 7347 asparaginase, Elspar®, L-asparaginase, L-asparagine amidohydrolase
cyclizine Approved drug 7151 Marezine®
cyclophosphamide Approved drug 7154 cytophosphane, Cytoxan®, Endoxan®
cyclosporin A Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 1024 ciclosporin, cyclosporine, cyclosporine A, Ikervis® (opthalmic solution), Neoral®, Sandimmun®, Verkazia® (opthalmic solution)
cytarabine Approved drug PDB Ligand 4827 Cytosar®, DepoCyte®, U-19920
 
D Back to top
dabigatran PDB Ligand 6380
dacarbazine Approved drug 9075 DTIC-Dome®
daclatasvir Approved drug 11266 BMS-790052, BMS790052, Daklinza®
dapsone Approved drug Antimalarial Ligand 10934 Aczone®, NSC-6091
darunavir Approved drug PDB Ligand 11243 DRV, Prezista®, TMC114, UIC-94017
dasabuvir Approved drug 11270 ABT-333, ABT333, Exviera®
dasatinib Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand 5678 BMS 345825, BMS 354825, BMS 35482513, Sprycel®
daunorubicin Approved drug PDB Ligand 7063 Cerubidine®, daunomycin, FI-6339, NDC-0082-4155, RP-13057
D-cycloserine Approved drug PDB Ligand 9489 Seromycin®
desmopressin Approved drug 2182 1-deamino,D-AVP, [deamino-Cys1,D-Arg8]vasopressin, dDAVP, Noctiva®
dexamethasone Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand 2768 Decadron®, desametasone, fluormethylprednisolone
diazepam Approved drug PDB Ligand 3364 Diastat®, LA-III, Valium®, WY-3467
diazoxide Approved drug PDB Ligand 2409 Proglycem®, SCH-6783, SRG-95213
digoxin Approved drug PDB Ligand 4726 Lanoxin®
docetaxel Approved drug PDB Ligand 6809 Docecad®, docetaxel anhydrous, EmDOC, Taxotere®
dolutegravir Approved drug PDB Ligand 7365 GSK 1349572, GSK-1349572, GSK1349572, S-349572, Tivicay®
dopamine Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand 940 3-hydroxytyramine
doxercalciferol Approved drug PDB Ligand 2790 1α-hydroxyvitamin D2, 1αOHD2 , 1-α-hydroxyergocalciferol
doxorubicin Approved drug PDB Ligand 7069 Adriamycin®, Caelyx® (liposomal doxorubicin), Doxil®, doxorubicin hydrochloride
doxycycline Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand Antimalarial Ligand 6464 BMY-28689, Monodox®, Vibramycin®
 
E Back to top
efavirenz Approved drug PDB Ligand 11287 DMP-266, DMP266, EFV, L-743,726, L-743726, Stocrin®, Sustiva®
eflornithine Approved drug 5176 2-(difluoromethyl)ornithine (DMFO), difluoromethylornithine, Ornidyl®, Vaniqa®
emtricitabine Approved drug PDB Ligand 11244 FTC, 524W91, BW-524W91, Coviracil®, Emtriva®
enalapril Approved drug 6322 Enaladex®, Vasotec®
enoxaparin Approved drug 6811 Clexane®, enoxaparin sodium, Lovenox®, PK-10169, RP-54563
ephedrine Approved drug 556 Emerphed® (ephedrine sulfate injection)
ergometrine Approved drug 148 ergonovine, Ergotrate®, Methergine®
erlotinib Approved drug PDB Ligand 4920 NSC 718781, OSI 744, OSI-774, R 1415, Tarceva®
erythromycin Approved drug PDB Ligand 1456 EM-A, E-Mycin®, Erythrocin®, erythromycin-A
ethanol PDB Ligand 2299
ethinylestradiol Approved drug PDB Ligand 7071 17α-ethynylestradiol, ethinyl estradiol
ethosuximide Approved drug 7182 CI-366, CN-10395, PM-671, Zarontin®
etonogestrel Approved drug 7590 3-keto-desogestrel, Implanon®, Nexplanon®, ORG-3236
etoposide Approved drug PDB Ligand 6815 (-)-etoposide, Etopophos®, Toposar®, trans-etoposide, VePesid®, VP 16-213, VP-16
 
F Back to top
fentanyl Approved drug PDB Ligand 1626 Abstral®, Actiq®, Durogesic®, Effentora®, MCN-JR-4263-49, R-4263, Sublimaze®
filgrastim Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 6968 Filcad®, Imumax ®, R-METHUG-CSF
fludarabine Approved drug 4802 2-F-Ara-A, CCRIS 3382, F-Ara-A, Fludara®
fludrocortisone Approved drug PDB Ligand 2873 9α-Flourocortisol, Florinef®
5-fluorouracil Approved drug PDB Ligand 4789 Adrucil®, Carac®
fluoxetine Approved drug 203 Prozac®
fluphenazine Approved drug 204 Prolixin®
folic acid PDB Ligand 4563 folate
formoterol Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 3465 BD-40A, CGP-25827A, Foradil®, Oxeze/Oxis®, YM-08316
fosfomycin Approved drug PDB Ligand 10813 Monurol®, phosphomycin, phosphonomycin, Veramina®
furosemide Approved drug PDB Ligand 4839 dihydroflumethiazide, frusemide, Lasix®, methforylthiazidine
 
G Back to top
gemcitabine Approved drug PDB Ligand 4793 gemcitabine hydrochloride, Gemzar®
gentamicin Approved drug 2427 Garamycin®, gentamicin sulfate
glecaprevir Approved drug PDB Ligand 11267 ABT-493, ABT493, Maviret®, Mavyret® (glecaprevir + pibrentasvir)
glucagon  {Sp: Human, Mouse, Rat} Approved drug 1136
 
H Back to top
haloperidol Approved drug PDB Ligand 86 Haldol®, MCN-JR-1625, R-1625, Serenace®
halothane Approved drug 2401 Fluothane®
heparin Approved drug 4214 HepFlush®
hydralazine Approved drug PDB Ligand 7326 Apresoline®
hydrochlorothiazide Approved drug PDB Ligand 4836 Apo-hydro®
hydroxychloroquine Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand Antimalarial Ligand 7198 Dolquine®, Plaquenil®
hydroxyurea Approved drug PDB Ligand 6822 Droxia®, Hydrea®, hydroxycarbamide, Siklos®, SQ-1089, Xromi®
 
I Back to top
ibuprofen Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 2713 Advil®, Brufen®, ibuprofen lysine, ibuprofen sodium, Motrin®, Nurofen®, U-18573
ifosfamide Approved drug 7201 Holoxan®, Ifex®, MJF-9325, Z-4942
imatinib Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand 5687 CGP 57148, Gleevec®, Glivec®, STI571
insulin  {Sp: Human} Approved drug 5012
ipratropium Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 325 Atrovent®, Ipraxa®
irinotecan Approved drug PDB Ligand 6823 (+)-irinotecan, biotecan, Campto®, Camptosar®, CPT-11, irinotecan hydrochloride, Onivyde®
isoflurane Approved drug 2505 Forane®
isosorbide dinitrate Approved drug 7051 Dilatrate-Sr®, ISDN, Isordil®
itraconazole Approved drug 11426 ITZ, R-51211, R51211, Sporanox®
ivermectin Approved drug 2373 Heartgard®, ivermectin B1a, MK-933, Sklice®, Soolantra®
 
K Back to top
ketamine Approved drug 4233 Ketalar, ketamine HCl
 
L Back to top
lamotrigine Approved drug 2622 Lamictal®
L-ascorbic acid PDB Ligand 4781 vitamin C
latanoprost (isopropyl ester) Approved drug 1961 PHXA-41, XA-41, Xalatan®
L-cycloserine Approved drug 9488 levcycloserine, Seromycin®
ledipasvir Approved drug 11271 GS-5885, GS5885, Harvoni® (ledipasvir + sofosbuvir)
lenalidomide Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 7331 CC-5013, CDC-501, Revlimid®
leuprolide Approved drug 1175 ABBOTT-43818, Fensolvi® (leuprolide acetate injectable suspension), Lupron®, TAP-144
levamisole Approved drug 7210 Ergamisol®, R-12564
levodopa Approved drug PDB Ligand 3639 3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine, Inbrija® (levodopa inhalation powder), L-DOPA, Sinemet®
levofloxacin Approved drug PDB Ligand 10911 DR-3355, Levaquin®, Quinsair®
levonorgestrel Approved drug PDB Ligand 2881 l-norgestrel, Norplant®
Li+ Approved drug 5212 lithium ion
lidocaine Approved drug PDB Ligand 2623 Xylocaine®
linezolid Approved drug PDB Ligand 10827 PNU-100766, PNU100766, U-100,766, U-100766, ZLD, Zyvox®
lisinopril Approved drug PDB Ligand 6360 Prinivil®, Zestril®
L-α-methyldopa Approved drug 5217 Aldomet®, Aldoril®, Dopamet®, L-α-Methyl-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine
loperamide Approved drug 7215 Fortasec®, Imodium®, R-18553
loratadine Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 7216 Claritin®, SCH-29851
lorazepam Approved drug 5884 Ativan®, Orfidal®
losartan Approved drug PDB Ligand 590 Cozaar®, DuP 753, MK-954
lumefantrine Approved drug Antimalarial Ligand 9969 benflumetol
 
M Back to top
medroxyprogesterone Approved drug 2879 MPA, hydroxymethylprogesterone
mefloquine Approved drug PDB Ligand Antimalarial Ligand 4252 GNF-Pf-5544, Lariam®, Ro-21-5998-001, WR-142490
melphalan Approved drug 7620 Alkeran®, CB-3025, L-phenylalanine mustard (L-PAM), L-sarcolysine, melfalan, Phelinun®, Sarcolysin®
mercaptopurine Approved drug PDB Ligand 7226 6-mercaptopurine, Purinethol®, Xaluprine®
meropenem PDB Ligand 10829 ICI 194,660, Merrem®, SM-7338
metformin Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand 4779 Glucophage®, LA-6023
methadone Approved drug 5458 (±)-methadone, dl-methadone, Dolophine HCL®, methadone HCl, Methadose®
methimazole Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand 6649 Tapazole®, Thiamazole®
methotrexate Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand 4815 Abitrexate®, amethopterin, Nordimet®, Rasuvo®
methylprednisolone Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 7088 Medrol®, U-67590A
metoclopramide Approved drug 241 Gimoti® (metoclopramide nasal spray), metaclopromide, methochlopramide, metochlopramide, metoclopramide hydrochloride, Reglan®
metronidazole Approved drug PDB Ligand 10914 BAY-5360, BAYER 5360, Flagyl®, Metrogel®, ROZEX®
miconazole Approved drug 2449 florid(nitrate), Monistat®, R-14889
midazolam Approved drug PDB Ligand 3342 Buccolam®, Dormicum®, Nayzilam®, USL261 (nasal spray formulation), Versed®
mifepristone Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand 2805 Mifeprex®, RU-486, RU486
misoprostol (methyl ester) Approved drug 1936 Arthrotec®, BRN 4155643, CCRIS 6859, Cytotec®, HSDB 3573, SC 29333
morphine Approved drug PDB Ligand 1627 morphine sulfate, Ms Contin®, Oramorph®
moxifloxacin Approved drug PDB Ligand 10915 Avelox®, BAY-12-8039, BAY-128039, BAY128039, MFX, MOXIVIG® (opthalmic solution)
mupirocin Approved drug Antimalarial Ligand 10916 Bactroban®, BRL-4910A, BRL-4910F, Centany®
 
N Back to top
naloxone Approved drug 1638 (-)-naloxone, Kloxxado® (naloxone hydrochloride nasal spray), l-naloxone, Narcan®, Nyxoid®
neostigmine Approved drug 8993 Prostigmin®
niclosamide Approved drug 8494 VU0243604
nicotinic acid PDB Ligand 1588 niacin, nicotinate, vitamin B3, vitamin PP
nifedipine Approved drug PDB Ligand 2514 Adalat®, BAY-A-1040, Procardia®
nilotinib Approved drug PDB Ligand 5697 AMN 107, AMN107, Tasigna®
nitrofurantoin Approved drug PDB Ligand 10917 Furadantin®, Macrobid®, Macrodantin®, Nitro Macro®, NSC-2107, NSC-44150
nitroglycerin Approved drug PDB Ligand 7053 glyceryl trinitrate, Glytrin®, Minitran®, Rectogesic®
nivolumab Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 7335 BMS-936558, MDX-1106, ONO-4538, Opdivo®
norethisterone Approved drug PDB Ligand 2880 Micronor®, norethindrone, Noriday®
 
O Back to top
ofloxacin Approved drug 10918 DL-8280, Exocin® (eye drops), Floxin®, HOE-280, OFX, Tarivid®
ombitasvir Approved drug 11272 ABT-267, ABT267, compound 38 [PMID: 24400777], Technivie® (ombitasvir + paritaprevir + ritonavir), Viekirax® (ombitasvir + paritaprevir + ritonavir; EU)
omeprazole Approved drug 4279 H 168/68, Losec®, Prilosec®
ondansetron Approved drug PDB Ligand 2290 GR-38032F/GR-38032, ondansetron hydrochloride, ondansetron hydrochloride dihydrate, Zofran®
oseltamivir Approved drug 11427 GS-4104, GS4104, RO-640796, RO640796, Tamiflu®, Tamvir®
oxaliplatin Approved drug 7433 ACT-078, Eloxatin®
oxytocin  {Sp: Human, Mouse, Rat} Approved drug 2174 OT, Otx, Pitocin®, Syntocinon®
 
P Back to top
paclitaxel Approved drug PDB Ligand 2770 7-epipaclitaxel, Abraxane® (albumin-bound suspension), Taxol®
paracetamol Approved drug PDB Ligand 5239 acetaminophen, Panadol®, Tylenol®
paritaprevir Approved drug 11273 ABT-450, ABT450, veruprevir (deprecated INN), Viekirax® (ombitasvir + paritaprevir + ritonavir; EU)
peginterferon alfa-2b Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 7462 PegIntron®, Sylatron®
penicillamine Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand 7264 Cuprimine®
penicillin G Approved drug PDB Ligand 4796 penicillin G sodium, penicillin-G potassium
PGE2 Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand 1883 Cervidil®, minprositin E2, minprostin E2, Propess®, prostaglandin E2
phenobarbital Approved drug PDB Ligand 2804 fenobarbital, Luminal®, phenobarb, phenobarbital sodium, phenobarbitone, phenylethylbarbiturate
phenoxymethylpenicillin Approved drug PDB Ligand 10920 Oracillin®, PC Pen VK®, Pen-V®, penicillin V, Penicillin VK, PNV
phenytoin Approved drug 2624 Dilantin®, Epanutin®, Phenytex®, phenytoin sodium
pibrentasvir Approved drug 11268 ABT-530, ABT530, Mavyret® (glecaprevir + pibrentasvir)
pilocarpine Approved drug PDB Ligand 305 pilocarpine hydrochloride, pilocarpine nitrate, pilokarpin, Salagen®
piperacillin Approved drug PDB Ligand 10921 CL 227,193, CL-227193, PIPC, T-1220, Tazocin® (piperacillin + tazobactam)
piperaquine Approved drug Antimalarial Ligand 10025
plazomicin Approved drug PDB Ligand 10847 ACHN-490, ACHN490, Zemdri®
polymyxin B Approved drug 10338 Aerosporin®
prednisolone Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand 2866 DELTA.1-Cortisol, Orapred®, Pediapred®
primaquine Approved drug PDB Ligand Antimalarial Ligand 9952
procaine Approved drug 4291 Novocain®
procarbazine Approved drug 7278 Matulane®, Ro-4-6467/1, Ro-4646711
progesterone Approved drug PDB Ligand 2377 Prometrium®, Utrogestan®
proguanil Approved drug Antimalarial Ligand 9676 Bigumal®, chloroguanide, Paludrine®
propofol Approved drug PDB Ligand 5464 2,6-diisopropylphenol, Diprivan®, ICI 35868
propranolol Approved drug 564 Bedranol®, Hemangiol®, Inderal®, propranolol hydrochloride
propylthiouracil Approved drug PDB Ligand 6650 Thyreostat®
pyrazinamide Approved drug PDB Ligand 7287 Zinamide®
pyridostigmine Approved drug 8994 Mestinon®, Regonol®
pyrimethamine Approved drug PDB Ligand Antimalarial Ligand 4800 Daraprim®, GNF-Pf-5586, TCMDC-125860
pyronaridine Antimalarial Ligand 10086 7351, Malaridine®
 
Q Back to top
quinine Approved drug PDB Ligand Antimalarial Ligand 2510 GNF-Pf-506, Qualaquin®, Quinate®, quinine bisulphate, quinine sulfate
 
R Back to top
ranitidine Approved drug 1234 AH-19065, Gavilast®, GR-122311X, Zantac®
retinol PDB Ligand 4053 all-trans-retinol
ribavirin Approved drug PDB Ligand 6842 RBV, Copegus®, Rebetol®, ribofluranosyl carboxamide, Virazole®
riboflavin PDB Ligand 6578
rifampicin Approved drug PDB Ligand 2765 Rifadin®, rifampin
risperidone Approved drug PDB Ligand 96 R-64-766, R-64766, Risperdal®
ritonavir Approved drug PDB Ligand 8804 RTV, A-84538, ABBOTT-84538, ABT 538, ABT-538, Norvir®
rituximab Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 6780 HSDB 7455, IDEC-C2B8, MabThera®, Rituxan®
 
S Back to top
salbutamol Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand 558 albuterol, SCH-13949W, Ventolin®
salicylic acid Approved drug PDB Ligand Immunopharmacology Ligand 4306 Bazuka Extra Strength Gel®, salicylate
scopolamine Approved drug 330 hyoscine, levo-duboisine, Scopoderm®
simvastatin Approved drug 2955 MK-733, Zocor®